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1953–The 5th Annual Primetime Emmy Awards announces its winners. Best Dramatic Program: Robert Montgomery Presents; Best Situation Comedy: I Love Lucy; Best Variety Program: Your Show of Shows; Best Mystery, Action or Adventure Program: Dragnet; Best Audience Participation, Quiz or Panel Program: What's My Line?; Best Children's Program: Time for Beany; Best Actor: Thomas Mitchell; Best Actress: Helen Hayes; Best Comedian: Jimmy Durante; Best Comedienne: Lucille Ball; Most Outstanding Personality: Fulton J. Sheen. The ceremonies are held at the Hotel Statler in Los Angeles, California. The host is Art Linkletter.

62–An earthquake shakes Pompeii, Italy.

756–An Lushan, leader of a revolt against the Tang Dynasty, declares himself Emperor and establishes the state of Yan.

806–Emperor Kanmu of Japan dies at age 70. His reign lasted for 25 years.

976–Emperor Sanjo of Japan is born Iyasada-shinno in Heian Kyo, Japan.

1146–Zafadola, last ruler of the Hudid dynasty, dies during the battle of Chinchilla, near Chinchilla de Montearagón.

1576–Henry of Navarre abjures Catholicism at Tours and rejoins the Protestant forces in the French Wars of Religion.

1597–A group of early Japanese Christians are killed by the new government of Japan for being seen as a threat to Japanese society.

1644–The first U.S. livestock branding law is passed in Connecticut. All cattle, sheep, and swine over six months old must now be earmarked or branded.

1649–The Prince of Wales becomes King Charles II.

1661–Shunzhi, Emperor of China, dies of smallpox in Forbidden City, Beijing, Qing Dynasty, China, at age 22. His seven-year-old third son, Xuanye, is chosen to be his successor, because he had already survived the disease.

1723–Clergyman, John (Knox) Witherspoon, signer of the Declaration of Independence, is born in Gifford, East Lothian, Scotland.

1778–South Carolina becomes the second state to ratify the Articles of Confederation.

1782–The Spanish defeat British forces and capture Minorca.

1783–In Calabria a sequence of strong earthquakes begins.

1784–Nancy Hanks Lincoln, mother of Abraham Lincoln, is born in Hampshire County, Virginia (now Antioch in Mineral County, West Virginia).

1788–Robert Peel, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, is born in Ramsbottom, Lancashire, England. Peel helped create the modern concept of the police force, leading to a new type of officers known as "bobbies."

1807–The HMS Blenheim and the HMS Java disappear off the coast of Rodrigues.

1810–During the Peninsular War, the Siege of Cádiz begins.

1817–The first U.S. gas company is incorporated in Baltimore, Maryland.

1818–Charles XIII of Sweden dies at age 69. Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte ascends to the thrones of Sweden and Norway.

1819–Hannah Van Buren, wife of President Martin Van Buren, dies of tuberculosis in Albany, New York, at age 35. This was before Van Bruen was elected and he never remarried. During his term, his daughter-in-law, Angelica, performed the role of hostess of the White House and as the eighth First Lady of the United States.

1840–Businessman, John Boyd Dunlop, is born in Dreghorn, North Ayrshire, Scotland. He co-founded Dunlop Rubber and Dunlop Pneumatic Tyre Company.

1846–The Oregon Spectator is the first newspaper to be published on the West Coast of the U.S.

1848–Wild West outlaw, Belle Starr, is born Myra Maybelle Shirley in Carthage, Missouri. Belle associated with the James-Younger gang and other outlaws and was herself a notorious figure. In 1880, she married a Cherokee man named Sam Starr and settled with the Starr family in the Indian Territory. There, she learned ways of organizing, planning, and fencing for the rustlers, horse thieves, and bootleggers, as well as harboring them from the law.

1849–The University of Wisconsin-Madison's first class meets at Madison Female Academy.

1852–The Hermitage Museum in Saint Petersburg, Russia, opens to the public.

1859–Wallachia and Moldavia are united under Alexandru Ioan Cuza as the United Principalities, an autonomous region within the Ottoman Empire, which ushers in the birth of the modern Romanian state.

1869–The largest alluvial gold nugget in history, called the "Welcome Stranger," is found in Moliagul, Victoria, Australia.

1878–André-Gustave Citroën, French automobile pioneer, is born in Paris, France. He founded the Citroën automobile company in 1919, leading it to become the fourth-largest automobile manufacturer in the world by the early 1930s. Citroën was a gambler, leading to the bankruptcy of his company, which was taken over by its main creditor, Michelin, who had provided tires for the cars. In 1998, André-Citroën was inducted into the Automotive Hall of Fame in Dearborn, Michigan.

1881–Phoenix, Arizona, is incorporated as a city.

1884–Willis Johnson, of Cincinnati, Ohio, receives a patent for the egg beater.

1885–King Leopold II of Belgium establishes the Congo as a personal possession.

1887–San Francisco, California, has its greatest snow storm on record: nearly four inches is reported in the downtown area, and the western hills of the city receive seven inches. Excited crowds go on a snowball throwing rampage.

1900–Politician, Adlai E. Stevenson, is born Adlai Ewing Stevenson II in Los Angeles, California. He was Governor of Illinois and a Presidental candidate in 1952 and 1956.

1901–The loop-the-loop centrifugal railroad, now known as the roller coaster, is patented by Ed Prescot.

1901–Pierpont Morgan founds the U.S. Steel Corporation.

1903–Super-centenarian, Sakari Momoi, is born in Fukushima Prefecture, Japan. He will live to the age of 112 (and 150 days).

1903–American architect, Nathaniel Alexander Owings, is born in Oakridge, Tennessee. As a young architect, Owings was impressed with Raymond Hood, who designed the RCA Building in Rockefeller Center. On Hood's recommendation, Owings worked on the Century of Progress Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, with his brother-in-law, Louis Skidmore. Following the success of the project, the two were awarded the contract to design the 1939-1940 New York World's Fair, and in 1939, engineer, John O. Merrill, joined the firm as partner. The name of their partnership was changed to Skidmore, Owings & Merrill. The firm would become one of the largest architectural firms in the world, establishing a reputation of specializing in skyscrapers.

1905–The General Hospital of Mexico is inaugurated, starting with four basic specialties.

1906–Actor, John Carradine, is born Richmond Reed Carradine in Greenwich Village, New York. A member of Cecil B. DeMille's stock company, and later John Ford's company, he was one of the most prolific character actors in Hollywood history. He appeared in the films The Grapes of Wrath, Blood and Sand, House of Frankenstein, Johnny Guitar, The Court Jester, The Ten Commandments, The Cosmic Man, Cheyenne Autumn, Boxcar Bertha, Portnoy’s Complaint, and Peggy Sue Got Married. He was the father of actors, David, Keith, and Robert Carradine.

1907–Pierre Pflimlin, Prime Minister of France, is born in Roubaix, France. He only held the office for a few months due to a national crisis. He was replaced by Charles de Gaulle.

1907–Entrepreneur, Norton (Winfred) Simon, of Hunt’s Foods, is born in Portland, Oregon. He was a millionaire industrialist and philanthropist based in California. Aside from Hunt’s, he diversified through acquisitions into well known businesses such as McCall's Publishing, the Saturday Review of Literature, the Canada Dry Corporation, Max Factor cosmetics, and Avis Car Rental. His significant art collection, which includes the Impressionists and the Old Masters, is housed in the Norton Simon Museum in Pasadena, California. He was married to actress, Jennifer Jones in 1971.

1909–Belgian chemist, Leo Baekeland, announces the creation of Bakelite, the world's first synthetic plastic.

1913–Greek military aviators, Michael Moutoussis and Aristeidis Moraitinis, perform the first naval air mission in history, with a Farman MF.7 hydroplane.

1914–Writer, William S. Burroughs, is born William Seward Burroughs II in St. Louis, Missouri. He was part of the Burroughs Business Machines dynasty. As an elder of the Beat Generation, his first novel, Junky: Confessions of an Unredeemed Drug Addict, was followed by Naked Lunch, among many others.

1915–Atomic physicist, Robert Hofstadter, is born in New York, New York. In 1961, he won the Nobel Prize in Physics (as joint winner with Rudolf Mössbauer) "for his pioneering studies of electron scattering in atomic nuclei and his consequent discoveries concerning the structure of nucleons."

1916–Singer, Enrico Caruso, records O Sole Mio for the Victor Talking Machine Company.

1917–The U.S. Congress passes a law, over President Woodrow Wilson's veto, banning most Asian immigration to America.

1917–The constitution of Mexico is adopted, establishing a federal republic with powers separated into independent executive, legislative, and judicial branches.

1917–Kuwaiti ruler, Jaber II Al-Sabah, dies.

1918–Stephen W. Thompson shoots down a German airplane. It is the first aerial victory by the U.S. military.

1918–The SS Tuscania is torpedoed off the coast of Ireland. It is the first ship carrying American troops to Europe to be torpedoed and sunk.

1919–Actors, Charlie Chaplin, Mary Pickford, Douglas Fairbanks, and D.W. Griffith, launch the film company, United Artists.

1919–Actor, Red Buttons, is born Aaron Chwatt in New York, New York. He appeared in the films Winged Victory, Sayonara, The Big Circus, Hatari!, Five Weeks in a Balloon, The Longest Day, A Ticklish Affair, Your Cheatin’ Heart, Up From the Beach, Harlow, Stagecoach, They Shoot Horses, Don’t They?, The Poseidon Adventure, Gable and Lombard, Viva Knievel, The Users, Movie Movie, C.H.O.M.P.S., When Time Ran Out, The Dream Merchants, Reunion at Fairborough, Alice in Wonderland, 18 Again!, It Could Happen to You, and The Story of Us.

1922–Reader's Digest magazine begins publication.

1922–Engineer, Slavoljub Eduard Penkala, dies of pneumonia in Zagreb, Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, at age 50. He is best known for development of the mechanical pencil (then called an "automatic pencil") and the first solid-ink fountain pen.

1924–The Royal Greenwich Observatory begin broadcasting the hourly time signals known as the Greenwich Time Signal.

1927–Businesswoman, Ruth Fertel, is born Ruth Ann Udstad in New Orleans, Louisiana. She founded Ruth's Chris Steak House.

1929–Drummer, Hal Blaine, is born Harold Simon Belsky in Holyoke, Massachusetts. He is best known for his work with the “Wrecking Crew” a well-known group of studio musicians in California. Blaine played on numerous hits by popular groups, including Nancy Sinatra, Jan & Dean, Elvis Presley, John Denver, The Ronettes, Simon & Garfunkel, The Carpenters, The Beach Boys, The Grass Roots, The 5th Dimension, The Monkees, The Partridge Family, and Steely Dan. He has played on 40 #1 hit singles, 150 “Top Ten” hits, and has performed on over 35,000 recorded tracks. He is widely regarded as one of the most prolific drummers in rock and roll history, having played on more hit records than any other drummer in the rock era.

1932–Baseball owner, Barney Dreyfuss, dies in New York, New York, at age 66. He was an executive in Major League Baseball who owned the Pittsburgh Pirates franchise from 1900 to 1932.

1933–Mutiny takes place on the Royal Netherlands Navy warship HNLMS De Zeven Provinciën, off the coast of Sumatra, Dutch East Indies.

1934–Baseball player, Hank Aaron, is born Henry Louis Aaron in Mobile, Alabama. Aaron spent 21 seasons with the Milwaukee and Atlanta Braves in the National League, before playing for the Milwaukee Brewers of the American League for the final two years of his career. In 1999, The Sporting News ranked Aaron fifth on their "100 Greatest Baseball Players" list.

1937–The first Charlie Chaplin talkie, Modern Times, is released.

1939–Generalísimo Francisco Franco becomes the 68th “Leader of Spain.”

1940–The Glenn Miller Orchestra records Tuxedo Junction.

1941–In World War II, Allied forces begin the Battle of Keren to capture Keren, Eritrea.

1941–Television producer and screenwriter, Stephen J. Cannell, is born Stephen Joseph Cannell in Los Angeles, California. Under the banner of Stephen J. Cannell Productions, he created or co-created nearly 40 television series, mostly crime dramas, including The Rockford Files, Black Sheep Squadron, Baretta, The Greatest American Hero, The A-Team, Hardcastle and McCormick, Wiseguy, 21 Jump Street, Silk Stalkings, and The Commish.

1941–Country singer, Henson Cargill, is born in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. His biggest hit was Skip a Rope.

1941–Singer, Barrett Strong, is born in Westpoint, Mississippi. His hit, Money (That's What I Want), provided songwriter Berry Gordy with the seed money to start Motown Records.

1941–Singer, Cory Wells, is born Emil Lewandowski in Buffalo, New York. He was one of the three original lead singers in the rock group Three Dog Night. He was known for his strong soulful vocals and energetic performance style. The group was one of the most successful of the late 1960s and early 1970s: they earned 12 gold albums and recorded 21 consecutive Billboard “Top 40” hits, seven going gold. Their hits include One, Easy To Be Hard, and Mama Told Me Not To Come. Unlike many other rock musicians of the day, Wells was able to abstain from serious drug and alcohol problems, and he chose not to squander his earnings on the lavish life style of a successful rock star, living a more moderate existence and spending his free time enjoying his hobby of fishing.

1942–NFL quarterback, Roger (Thomas) Staubach, is born in Cincinnati, Ohio. Staubach joined the Dallas Cowboys in 1969. He played with the team during five seasons in which they played in the Super Bowl, four as the primary starting quarterback. He led the Cowboys to victories in Super Bowl VI and Super Bowl XII. Prior to his football career, he attended the U.S. Naval Academy, and after graduation he served in the U.S. Navy, including a tour of duty in Vietnam.

1943–Budinessman, Nolan (Kay) Bushnell, is born in Clearfield, Utah. He founded Atari, Inc. Bushnell has been inducted into the Video Game Hall of Fame and the Consumer Electronics Association Hall of Fame, received the BAFTA Fellowship and the Nations Restaurant News “Innovator of the Year” award, and was named one of "50 Men Who Changed America" in Newsweek. Bushnell has started more than 20 companies and is one of the founding fathers of the video game industry.

1943–Michael (Kenneth) Mann, director, producer, and screenwriter, is born in Chicago, Illinois. For television, he produced Miami Vice, Crime Story, and Robbery Homicide Division. His films include Thief, Band of the Hand, The Last of the Mohicans, Heat, The Insider, Ali, and The Aviator.

1944–Session guitarist turned blues organist, Al Kooper, is born Alan Peter Kuperschmidt in Brooklyn, New York. Kooper has played on hundreds of records, including those by The Rolling Stones, B. B. King, The Who, The Jimi Hendrix Experience, Alice Cooper, and Cream. He played the Hammond organ on Like a Rolling Stone by Bob Dylan, although he had rarely played keyboards up to that time.

1945–During World War II, General Douglas MacArthur returns to Manila.

1946–The Chondoist Chongu Party is founded in North Korea.

1946–Actress, (Tessa) Charlotte Rampling, is born in Sturmer, Essex, England. In a career spanning almost 50 years, she has worked in English, French, and Italian films. She appeared in the films The Knack ...and How to Get It, Georgy Girl, Three, Vanishing Point, Stardust Memories, The Verdict, and D.O.A.

1948–Actor, Christopher Guest, is born Christopher Haden-Guest in New York, New York. He is a screenwriter, composer, musician, director, actor, and comedian and citizen of both the U.S. and the U.K. He holds a hereditary British peerage as the 5th Baron Haden-Guest. He has appeared in the films Death Wish, Girlfriends, The Long Riders, Heartbeeps, This Is Spinal Tap, Little Shop of Horrors, The Princess Bride, The Big Picture, A Few Good Men, Waiting for Guffman, Best in Show, A Mighty Wind, and For Your Consideration. He is married to actress, Jamie Lee Curtis.

1948–Actress, Barbara Hershey, is born Barbara Lynn Herzstein in Atlanta, Georgia. In somewhat of a rarity in the movie business, Hershey’s career had a slow start (partially due to a bad reputation for several years), then took off around 1980. She has appeared in the films With Six You Get Eggroll, Last Summer, The Baby Maker, Boxcar Bertha, The Stunt Man, The Entity, The Right Stuff, The Natural, Hannah and Her Sisters, Hoosiers, Tin Men, Beaches, Falling Down, A Dangerous Woman, and Black Swan.

1948–Actor, Tom Wilkinson, is born Thomas Geoffrey Wilkinson in Leeds, West Riding of Yorkshire, England. In 2009, he won both a Golden Globe and a Primetime Emmy Award for the role of Benjamin Franklin in John Adams. He has appeared in the films In the Name of the Father, Sense and Sensibility, The Full Monty, Wilde, Shakespeare in Love, The Patriot, In the Bedroom, The Importance of Being Earnest, Normal, Girl with a Pearl Earring, Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind, Batman Begins, Michael Clayton, and The Grand Budapest Hotel.

1953–The 5th Annual Primetime Emmy Awards announces its winners. Best Dramatic Program: Robert Montgomery Presents; Best Situation Comedy: I Love Lucy; Best Variety Program: Your Show of Shows; Best Mystery, Action or Adventure Program: Dragnet; Best Audience Participation, Quiz or Panel Program: What's My Line?; Best Children's Program: Time for Beany; Best Actor: Thomas Mitchell; Best Actress: Helen Hayes; Best Comedian: Jimmy Durante; Best Comedienne: Lucille Ball; Most Outstanding Personality: Fulton J. Sheen. The ceremonies are held at the Hotel Statler in Los Angeles, California. The host is Art Linkletter.

1953–Singer-songwriter, Valerie Carter, is born Valerie Gail Zakian Carter. She is best known as a back-up vocalist who recorded and performed with a number of artists, including James Taylor, Linda Ronstadt, Don Henley, Christopher Cross, Little Feat, Jackson Browne, and The Outlaws.

1956–The VII Winter Olympic Games close at Cortina d'Ampezzo, Italy.

1957–Bill Haley arrives from New York on the liner Queen Elizabeth at Southampton, for his U.K. concert debut and is greeted by 5,000 fans. Haley is the first American rock artist to tour Great Britain.

1958–A hydrogen bomb known as the Tybee Bomb is lost by the U.S. Air Force off the coast of Savannah, Georgia. It was never recovered.

1958–Gamel Abdel Nasser is nominated to be the first President of the United Arab Republic.

1962–French President Charles de Gaulle calls for Algeria to be granted independence.

1962–Actress, Jennifer Jason Leigh, is born Jennifer Leigh Morrow in Hollywood, California. She changed her surname early in her acting career, taking the middle name Jason in honor of actor, Jason Robards, a family friend. She has appeared in the films Fast Times at Ridgemont High, The Hitcher, The Big Picture, Miami Blues, Backdraft, Rush, Single White Female, Mrs. Parker and the Viscious Circle, Dolores Claiborne, Georgia, A Thousand Acres, The Jacket, and Greenberg. She is the daughter of actor, Vic Morrow and screenwriter Barbara Turner.

1963–The European Court of Justice's ruling in Van Gend en Loos vs. Nederlandse Administratie der Belastingen establishes the principle of direct effect, one of the most important, if not the most important, decisions in the development of European Union law.

1964–Actress, Laura (Leggett) Linney, is born in Manhattan, New York. She has appeared in the films Lorenzo’s Oil, Dave, Searching for Bobby Fischer, A Simple Twist of Fate, Primal Fear, Absolute Power, The Truman Show, Lush, The House of Mirth, Maze, The Laramie Project, The Life of David Gale, Mystic River, Love Actually, Kinsey, Driving Lessons, Man of the Year, The Savages, The City of Your Final Destination, Mr. Holmes, and Sully.

1964–Rocker, Duff McKagan, of Guns N' Roses, is born Michael Andrew, in Seattle, Washington.

1965–Beatles manager, Brian Epstein, is approached by Baroness Erisso, who wants to know if he's interested in managing her daughter, Marianne Faithfull.

1967–The Smothers Brothers Comedy Hour premieres on CBS-TV.

1967–Businessman, Leon Leonwood Bean, dies in Pompano Beach, Florida, at age 94. He founded L.L. Bean.

1969–The population of the United States reaches 200 million.

1969–Singer, Bobby Brown, is born Robert Barisford Brown in Boston, Massachusetts. He is an R&B singer-songwriter, rapper, and dancer. Brown started his career as one of the frontmen of the pop R&B group, New Edition, but he is most noted as the ex-husband of singer, Whitney Houston. Brown and Houston gained notoriety co-starring in the reality show, Being Bobby Brown. The show ended in 2006, after Houston refused to appear in a second season, and the couple divorced soon after.

1969–Actress, Thelma Ritter, dies of a heart attack in New York, New York, at age 66. She appeared in the films Call Northside 777, All About Eve, Rear Window, A Hole in the Head, Pillow Talk, The Misfits, Birdman of Alcatraz, A New Kind of Love, Move Over, Darling, and The Incident.

1971–Astronauts land on the Moon in the Apollo 14 mission.

1971–The 28th Annual Golden Globe Awards announces its winners. Best Picture: Love Story; Best Actor: George C. Scott for Patton; Best Actress: Ali MacGraw for Love Story; Best Director: Arthur Hiller for Love Story; Best Comedy: M*A*S*H; Best Foreign Film: Women in Love (United Kingdom) and Rider on the Rain (France).

1972–Bob Douglas is the first black player elected to The Basketball Hall of Fame.

1972–Airline companies in the U.S. begin mandatory inspection of passengers and their baggage.

1972–Mary, Crown Princess of Denmark, is born Mary Elizabeth Donaldson in Hobart, Tasmania, Australia. She is the wife of Frederik, Crown Prince of Denmark.

1973–A funeral is held for L.C. Williams. He was the last U.S. soldier killed in the Viet Nam War.

1975–Riots break out in Lima, Peru, after the police force goes on strike. The uprising is suppressed in a bloody battle with the military dictatorship.

1976–A swine flu outbreak begins at Fort Dix, New Jersey.

1976–Rudy Pompilli, saxophonist for Bill Haley & His Comets, dies of lung cancer in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, at age 51. Pompilli's death affected Bill Haley deeply. After fulfilling touring commitments for the year with a replacement sax player, at the end of 1976, Haley announced his retirement from performing and moved to Mexico.

1978–Fred Newman makes 88 consecutive basketball free throws while blindfolded.

1981–Reports surface that the surviving Beatles are reuniting to record a tribute to John Lennon.

1983–Former Nazi Gestapo official, Klaus Barbie, is brought to trial.

1985–Ugo Vetere (then the Mayor of Rome) and Chedli Klibi (then the Mayor of Carthage) meet in Tunis to sign a treaty of friendship officially ending the Third Punic War, which had lasted 2,131 years.

1988–Manuel Noriega is indicted on drug smuggling and money laundering charges.

1991–Actor, Dean Jagger, dies from heart disease in Santa Monica, California, at age 87. He appeared in the films Brigham Young, Sister Kenny, The Robe, Executive Suite, White Christmas, Bad Day at Black Rock, It’s a Dog’s Life, X: The Unknown, Bernardine, King Creole, The Nun’s Story, Elmer Gantry, and Parrish.

1993–Writer-director, Joseph L. Mankiewicz, dies of a heart attack in Bedford, New York, at age 83. Mankiewicz had a long Hollywood career, writing 48 screenplays. His films include The Ghost and Mrs. Muir, A Letter to three Wives, No Way Out, All About Eve, Guys and Dolls, Cleopatra, and Sleuth.

1994–Medgar Evers' murderer, Byron De La Beckwith, is sentenced to life in prison in Jackson, Mississippi, 30 years after the crime.

1994–In the Markale massacres, more than 60 people are killed and 200 others are wounded as a mortar shell explodes in a downtown marketplace in Sarajevo.

1995–Actor, Doug McClure, dies of lung cancer in Sherman Oaks, California, at age 59. He starred in the TV shows Checkmate and The Virginian. He appeared in the films Gidget, Because They’re Young, The Lively Set, Shenandoah, The Land That Time Forgot, Humanoids from the Deep, and Tapeheads.

1997–The so-called “Big Three” banks in Switzerland announce the creation of a $71 million fund to aid Holocaust survivors and their families.

2000–Russian forces massacre at least 60 civilians in the Novye Aldi suburb of Grozny, Chechnya.

2001–The Holy Land Experience opens in Orlando, Florida. The structures and exhibits characterize the style, architecture, and settings that existed in the Holy Land 2,000 years ago. The Garden Tomb, Qumran Dead Sea Caves, Great Temple and Plaza, Jerusalem Model, and Wilderness Tabernacle are all intricately detailed, both inside and out. There are also many educational exhibits.

2003–Engineer, Gennadiy Nikonov, dies in Izhevsk, Russia, at age 52. He designed the AN-94 assault rifle.

2004–Rebels from the Revolutionary Artibonite Resistance Front capture the city of Gonaïves, starting the 2004 Haiti rebellion.

2006–Super Bowl XL: The Pittsburgh Steelers beat the Seattle Seahawks, 21-10.

2008–A deadly round of tornadoes hit in the southern U.S. The storms kill 32 people in Tennessee, 14 in Arkansas, seven in Kentucky, and five in Alabama. Damage is assessed in the hundreds of millions of dollars.

2008–Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, Indian guru and founder of Transcendental Meditation, dies peacefully of natural causes in Vlodrop, Limburg, Netherlands, at age 90. A week before his death, the Maharishi said that he was "stepping down as leader of the TM movement and retreating into silence," and that he planned to spend his remaining time studying the ancient Indian texts.

2010–A mega-snowstorm buries the Washington D.C. area in more than 30 inches of snow in some areas.

2010–Actor, Ian Carmichael, dies in Esk Valley, North Yorkshire, England, at age 89. He appeared in the films Bond Street, Ghost Ship, Meet Mr. Lucifer, Betrayed, Private’s Progress, Lucky Jim, The Big Money, I'm All Right Jack, Heavens Above!, Smashing Time, and The Lady Vanishes.

2012–Super Bowl XLVI: The New York Giants beat the New England Patriots, 21-17.

2014–Model, Samantha Juste, dies from a stroke in Los Angeles, California, at age 69. She was known on British TV in the mid-1960s as the "disc girl" on the BBC’s Top of the Pops.

2016–One person is killed and two others are seriously injured, when a construction crane collapses in Lower Manhattan's Tribeca district of New York City.

2016–Puerto Rico declares a state of emergency due to the ongoing Zika virus outbreak. At least 22 people have been reported to have been infected with the Zika virus in the U.S. territory.

2016–Prince Jigme Namgyel Wangchuck is born at Lingkana Palace in Bhutan. He is the first child and heir apparent of King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck. In honor of his birth, 108,000 trees are planted by thousands of volunteers in Bhutan.

2017–Turkish police arrest over 400 suspected ISIL members in raids across the country.

2017–Super Bowl LI: The New England Patriots beat the Atlanta Falcons, 35-28. It is the first game in Super Bowl history to go into overtime.

2017–Heavy snow and avalanches kill dozens of people in Afghanistan and northern Pakistan, while Kabul International Airport is closed due to snow and ice on the runway.

2017–Record producer and composer, David Axelrod, dies at age 83. He was one of the first recording artists to fuse elements of jazz, rock, and R&B.

2018–The Wall Street stock market sheds 4.6% of its value, with the Dow Jones Industrial Average dropping a record 1,175 points at close. At one point during the day, the benchmark index loses a record 1,579 points.

2018–Using data from the Chandra X-ray Observatory, scientists discover new exoplanets in galaxies beyond the Milky Way.

2018–A Japanese stem cell research team from Yokohama National University announces that they have used a “simple” method to regrow hair on mice with dimethylpolysiloxane, the silicone added to McDonald’s fries to stop cooking oil from frothing. They hope this discovery will improve human hair regenerative therapy to treat hair loss such as androgenic alopecia (male pattern baldness).

2018–Jerome Powell is sworn as the 16th Chairman of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System.

2018–World-renowned ivory investigator, Esmond Bradley Martin, is murdered at his home in Nairobi, Kenya, at age 76. His detailed reports contributed to the fight against elephant poaching and the illegal wildlife trade.

PHOTOS TOP TO BOTTOM: King Charles II; Belle Starr; André-Gustave Citroën; the loop-the-loop roller coaster; John Carradine; William S. Burroughs; Enrico Caruso; Red Buttons; Barrett Strong; Cory Wells; Christopher Guest; Bill Haley; Marianne Faithfull; Love Story promo; Klaus Barbie; Doug McClure; Maharishi Mahesh Yogi; and McDonald's fries.

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