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1962–The Beach Boys start making waves with their first Southern California hit Surfin’. Their new musical style (Surf Music) sweeps America like a tidal wave, when they hit nationally with Surfin’ Safari later in August. With musical genius, Brian Wilson, at the helm, the band would rival The Beatles in popularity and continue performing into the 21st century.



364–Roman Emperor, Flavius Jovianus Augustus, dies in Dadastana (in Anatolia), at age 32.

624–Chinese Empress, Wu Zetian, is born in Lizhou, Sichuan Province, Tang Dynasty. She was the only female Emperor in the history of China.

339–Otto, Duke of Austria, dies at Neuberg Abbey, Styria, at age 37.

1370–In the Northern Crusades, Grand Duchy of Lithuania and the Teutonic Knights meet in the Battle of Rudau.

1411–Following the successful campaigns during the Ottoman Interregnum, Musa Çelebi becomes Sultan with the support of Mircea I of Wallachia.

1490–Charles III, Duke of Bourbon, is born in Montpensier, France.

1500–Duke Friedrich and Duke Johann attempt to subdue the peasantry of Dithmarschen, Denmark, in the Battle of Hemmingstedt.

1519–Francis, Duke of Guise, is born Francis de Lorraine II in Bar-le-Duc, Lorraine, France.

1600–Philosopher, Giordano Bruno, is burned alive for heresy at Campo de' Fiori in Rome, Italy.

1609–Ferdinando I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, dies in Florence, Italy, at age 59.

1621–Myles Standish is appointed as first Commander of the English Plymouth Colony in North America.

1673–Playwright and actor, Moliere, dies after collapsing on stage during a performance of his play Le Malade Imaginaire (The Imaginary Invalid) in Paris, France, at age 51. The Church at first denies him burial on holy ground and although the funeral takes place at night to avoid scandal, thousands of admirers attend in a dramatic torchlight procession.

1753–In Sweden, February 17th is followed by March 1st, as the country moves from the Julian calendar to the Gregorian calendar.

1781–Physician, René Laennec, is born René-Théophile-Hyacinthe Laennec in Quimper, France. He invented the stethoscope.

1801–The U.S. House of Representatives elects Thomas Jefferson as President of the United States, to break the electoral vote tie between Jefferson and Aaron Burr, who becomes Vice President.

1819–The U.S. House of Representatives passes the Missouri Compromise.

1836–Indian mystic, Ramakrishna, is born Gadadhar Chattopadhyay in Kamarpukur, Bengal Presidency, British India (present-day West Bengal, India). He was a yogi during the 19th-century. Ramakrishna was given to spiritual ecstacies from a young age, and was influenced by several religious traditions, including devotion toward the goddess Kali, Tantra and Vaishnava bhakti, and Advaita Vedanta. Admiration for him amongst Bengali elites led to the formation of the Ramakrishna Mission by his chief disciple, Swami Vivekananda.

1838–In the Weenen massacre, hundreds of Voortrekkers along the Blaukraans River, Natal, are killed by Zulus.

1844–Businessman, Aaron Montgomery Ward, is born in Chatham, New Jersey. In August 1872, with two fellow employees and a total capital of $1,600, he founded Montgomery Ward & Company. The Montgomery Ward Tower, on the corner of Michigan Avenue and Madison Street in Chicago, Illinois, was a major tourist attraction in the early 1900s.

1854–The United Kingdom recognizes the independence of the Orange Free State.

1857–Irish-American editor and publisher, S.S. McClure, is born in County Antrim, Ireland. He organized the first syndicated newspaper in the United States, the McClure Syndicate, and later founded McClure's magazine, the most controversial muckraking journal of its time.

1859–The French Navy captures the Citadel of Saigon (a fortress that was manned by 1,000 Nguyen Dynasty soldiers) en route to conquering Saigon and other regions of southern Viet Nam.

1863–A group of citizens in Geneva, Switzerland, found an International Committee for Relief to the Wounded, which later becomes known as the International Committee of the Red Cross.

1864–The H.L. Hunley becomes the first submarine to engage and sink a warship, the USS Housatonic.

1864–Australian journalist and poet, Andrew Barton Paterson, is born. He was a World War I correspondent and the author of several books of light verse, including The Animals Noah Forgot. He is best known for the song, Waltzing Matilda, adapted from a traditional verse, which became Australia's national song.

1865–In the American Civil War, Columbia, South Carolina, is burned as Confederate forces flee from advancing Union forces.

1867–The first ship passes through the Suez Canal. The cost of building the canal was $100 million.

1867–Chocolate maker, William Adlington Cadbury, is born in Edgbaston, England. In 1905, he commissioned the first Cadbury logo. Then in 1921, the Cadbury script logo was introduced, based on William Cadbury's signature.

1871–The victorious Prussian Army parades through Paris, France, after the end of the Siege of Paris during the Franco-Prussian War.

1874–Industrialist, Thomas John Watson, Sr., is born in Campbell, New York. He served as the Chairman and CEO of International Business Machines (IBM), overseeing the company's growth into an international force from 1914 to 1956. He was one of the richest men of his time and was called the world's greatest salesman.

1876–Canned sardines, packed in oil, go on sale in the U.S.

1890–Christopher Sholes dies of tuberculosis in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, at age 71. He invented the first practical typewriter and the QWERTY keyboard still in use today.

1897–The National Congress of Mothers, later to become the Parent-Teachers Association (PTA), is founded in Washington, D.C.

1902–Hoppy Jones, of The Ink Spots, is born Orville Jones in Chicago, Illinois. He played cello like it was a stand up bass. The Ink Spots were an pop vocal group who gained international fame in the 1930s and 1940s. Their unique musical style led to the rhythm & blues and rock ‘n’ roll musical genres, by singing what is known as “doo-wop.”

1904–The Giacomo Puccini opera, Madam Butterfly, premieres at the La Scala Theatre in Milan, Italy.

1907–Henry Steel Olcott, American co-founder of the Theosophist Society, dies in Adyar, Chennai, India, at age 74. Olcott was the first well-known American of European ancestry to make a formal conversion to Buddhism. During his time in Sri Lanka, India, Olcott strove to revive Buddhism within the region, while compiling the tenets of Buddhism for the education of Westerners.

1909–Geronimo, the last Apache leader to surrender to the U.S. government, dies of pneumonia at Fort Sill, Oklahoma, at age 79. The name Geronimo means “the one who yawns” and it was given to him during a battle with Mexican soldiers.

1910–Character actor, Arthur Hunnicutt, is born in Gravelly, Arkansas. While touring as the lead actor in a production of Tobacco Road, he developed the rural character he would play throughout his career. He appeared in the films Border Incident, Broken Arrow, The Red Badge of Courage, The Big Sky, The Lusty Men, The Tall T, Cat Ballou, The Million Dollar Duck, and Harry and Tonto.

1913–The first minimum wage law in the U.S. takes effect in Oregon.

1913–The now famous painting, Nude Descending a Staircase, by French artist, Marcel Duchamp, is displayed at the Armory Show in New York City. The work was America’s first look at modern art. Critics labeled the painting “scandalous” and “meaningless.” The work is now considered a modernist masterpiece.

1914–Actor, (John) Arthur Kennedy, is born in Worcester, Massachusetts. He appeared in the films High Sierra, The Glass Menagerie, The Lusty Men, The Desperate Hours, Peyton Place, Some Came Running, A Summer Place, Elmer Gantry, Lawrence of Arabia, Cheyenne Autumn, Joy in the Morning, and Nevada Smith.

1919–The Ukrainian People's Republic asks Entente and the U.S. for help fighting the Bolsheviks.

1919–Actor and stuntman, Jock Mahoney, is born Jacques Joseph O'Mahoney in, Chicago, Illinois. He starred in two Western TV series, The Range Rider and Yancy Derringer. He appeared in the films Rim of the Canyon, The Nevadan, Cow Town, Hoedown, Santa Fe, I’ve Lived Before, Away All Boats, Joe Dakota, Tarzan Goes to India, Bandolero!, and The End. He was the stepfather of actress, Sally Field. Later, Sally Field, Burt Reynolds, and Brian Keith starred in the 1978 film, Hooper, which was based on Jock’s life.

1920–Illustrator, Curt Swan, is born Douglas Curtis Swan in Sweden. He was the artist most associated with “Superman” during the period fans and historians call the “Silver Age” of comic books. Swan produced hundreds of covers and stories from the 1950s through the 1980s.

1922–Impresario, Enrico Banducci, is born Harry Charles Banducci in Bakersfield, California. He operated the hungry i nightclub in San Francisco's North Beach neighborhood, where he launched the careers of Lenny Bruce, Mort Sahl, Bill Cosby, Jonathan Winters, Bill Cosby, Phyllis Diller, The Smothers Brothers, Barbra Streisand, Woody Allen, and Dick Cavett. The hungry i featured the original brick wall in the stage background, a staple for stand up comedy presentations ever since. Banducci later opened the Clown Alley hamburger stand and Enrico's Sidewalk Cafe on Broadway, a restaurant and jazz club that has since gone out of business.

1925–Harold Ross and Jane Grant begin publication of The New Yorker magazine.

1925–Actor, Hal Holbrook, is born Harold Rowe Holbrook, Jr. in Cleveland, Ohio. He began performing a one-man show as Mark Twain in 1954. He appeared in the films The Group, Wild in the Streets, The Great White Hope, They Only Kill Their Masters, All the President’s Men, Julia, Capricorn One, The Star Chamber, Wall Street, and The Firm. He was married to actress, Dixie Carter.

1931–Football coach, Buddy Ryan, is born James David Ryan in Frederick, Oklahoma. He was a coach in the National Football League (NFL) and American Football League (AFL). During his 35-season coaching career, Ryan served as the head coach of the Philadelphia Eagles and Arizona Cardinals, and the defensive coordinator of the Chicago Bears and the Houston Oilers of the NFL.

1933–Newsweek magazine begins publication.

1933–The Blaine Act ends Prohibition in the United States.

1934–Actor, Alan (Arthur) Bates, is born in Allestree, Derbyshire, England. In 1960, he appeared in The Entertainer, opposite Laurence Olivier, which was his first film role. He also appeared in the films Whistle Down the Wind, A Kind of Loving, The Caretaker, Georgy Girl, King of Hearts, Far From the Madding Crowd, Women in Love, The Go-Between, Butley, Royal Flash, An Unmarried Woman, The Rose, and Gosford Park.

1934–Comedian-actor, (John) Barry Humphries, is born in Kew, Melbourne, Australia. He is best known for writing and playing his on-stage and TV alter egos Dame Edna Everage and Sir Les Patterson. He appeared in the films Bedazzled, Shock Treatment, and SpiceWorld The Movie.

1934–Albert I of Belgium dies in a mountaineering accident while climbing alone on the Roche du Vieux Bon Dieu at Marche-les-Dames, Namur, Belgium, at age 58.

1935–Actress, Christina (Marie) Pickles, is born in Yorkshire, England. She is best known for the role of Nurse Helen Rosenthal in the TV drama St. Elsewhere. She appeared in the films Masters of the Universe, Revenge of the Nerds IV: Nerds in Love, Legends of the Fall, Grace of My Heart, The Wedding Singer, and Atlas Shrugged: Part I.

1936–Football player, Jim Brown, is born in St. Simons, Georgia. He is best known for his exceptional and record-setting nine-year career as a running back for the NFL Cleveland Browns from 1957 to 1965. Brown began an acting career in 1964, in the western action film Rio Conchos. He also appeared in the films The Dirty Dozen, Ice Station Zebra, The Running Man, I’m Gonna Git You Sucka, and Mars Attacks!

1939–British singer, John (Dudley) Leyton, is born in Frinton-on-Sea, Essex, England. As a singer, he is best known for his hit song, Johnny Remember Me, which reached #1 in the U.K. “Singles Chart” in August 1961. He appeared in the films It’s Trad, Dad!, The Great Escape, Von Ryan’s Express, The Idol, and Krakatoa, East of Java.

1939–Actress, Mary Ann Mobley, who became Miss America in 1959, is born in Biloxi, Mississippi. She appeared in the films Get Yourself a College Girl, Girl Happy, Harum Scarum, Young Dillinger, Three on a Couch, and For Singles Only. She was married to actor, Gary Collins.

1941–Singer, Gene Pitney, is born Gene Francis Alan Pitney in Hartford, Connecticut. His hits include Town Without Pity, (The Man Who Shot) Liberty Valance, Only Love Can Break a Heart, True Love Never Runs Smooth, Twenty Four Hours from Tulsa, It Hurts to Be in Love, and Looking Through the Eyes of Love.

1942–Black Panther leader, Huey (Percy) Newton, is born in Monroe, Louisiana. After reading the works of Karl Marx, Vladimir Lenin, Frantz Fanon, Malcolm X, Mao Zedong, and Che Guevara, while at Merritt College, Newton and Bobby Seale organized the Black Panther Party for Self Defense in October 1966. The Party achieved national and international renown through their deep involvement in the Black Power movement and in politics of the 1960s and 1970s.

1943–New York Yankee, Joe DiMaggio, enlists in the U.S. Army.

1944–During World War II, Operation Hailstone begins as a U.S. Naval air, surface, and submarine attack against Truk Lagoon, Japan's main base in the central Pacific.

1945–Actress, Zina Bethune, is born in New York, New York. She was featured on the TV series The Nurses from 1962 to 1965. She appeared in a variety of television shows including Naked City, Route 66, Gunsmoke, Emergency!, Police Story, Santa Barbara, and Party of Five.

1945–Actress, Brenda Fricker, is born in Dublin, Ireland. She appeared in the films My Left Foot, The Field, Benny and Joon, and A Time to Kill.

1945–Actress, Patricia Morrow, is born in Los Angeles, California. She is best known for the role of Rita Jacks in the primetime soap opera, Peyton Place (1965-1969). She appeared in the films Artists and Models, The Bad Seed, The Wrong Man, and Surf Party.

1947–The Voice of America begins radio broadcasts into the Soviet Union.

1949–Chaim Weizmann is elected the first President of Israel.

1954–Actress, Rene (Marie) Russo, is born in Burbank, California. She has appeared in the films Major League, Mr. Destiny, One Good Cop, Freejack, Lethal Weapon, In the Line of Fire, Get Shorty, Tin Cup, and Ransom.

1955–In New Orleans, Louisiana, friend and fellow musician, Lloyd Price, convinces Little Richard to send a demo tape to Specialty Records in Los Angeles, California.

1956–Actor, Richard Karn, is born Richard Karn Wilson in Seattle, Washington. He is best known for the role of Al Borland on the TV sitcom Home Improvement.

1958–Pope Pius XII declares Saint Clare of Assisi (1193-1253) the Patron Saint of Television.

1959–Vanguard 2, the first weather satellite, is launched to measure cloud-cover distribution.

1960–The Everly Brothers leave the small Cadence label to sign a 10-year million-dollar contract with Warner Brothers.

1960–Elvis Presley receives his first gold album for Elvis.

1962–A storm kills more than 300 people in Hamburg, West Germany.

1962–The Beach Boys start making waves with their first Southern California hit Surfin’. Their new musical style (Surf Music) sweeps America like a tidal wave, when they hit nationally with Surfin’ Safari later in August. The band would rival The Beatles in popularity and continue performing into the 21st century.

1962–Actor, Lou Diamond Phillips, is born Lou Diamond Upchurch at Subic Bay Naval Station, Philippines. Phillips is his stepfather’s surname. He has appeared in the films La Bamba, Stand and Deliver, Youngs Guns, Renegades, Sioux City, Courage Under Fire, and Brokedown Palace.

1963–Sports superstar, Michael (Jeffrey) Jordan, is born in Brooklyn, New York. He played 15 seasons in the National Basketball Association (NBA) for the Chicago Bulls and Washington Wizards.

1963–Comedian, Larry the Cable Guy, is born Daniel Lawrence Whitney in Pawnee City, Nebraska.

1964–In Wesberry v. Sanders the U.S. Supreme Court rules that congressional districts must be approximately equal in population.

1964–Gabonese president Léon M’ba is toppled by a coup, with his rival, Jean-Hilaire Aubame, installed in his place.

1964–Herb Alpert and the Tijuana Brass play their first major headlining show in Los Angeles, California.

1964–Luke Appling is elected into the Baseball Hall of Fame.

1965–The Ranger 8 probe launches on its mission to photograph the Mare Tranquillitatis region of the Moon in preparation for the manned Apollo missions. Mare Tranquillitatis or the "Sea of Tranquility" would become the site chosen for the Apollo 11 lunar landing.

1965–The Beatles are awarded the Carl-Alan Award for Best Group of 1964.

1965–Film director, Michael (Benjamin) Bay, is born in Los Angeles, California. His films include Bad Boys, The Rock, Armageddon, Pearl Harbor, Transformers, and 13 Hours: The Secret Soldiers of Benghazi.

1968–Big Brother and the Holding Company, featuring Janis Joplin, are signed by Columbia Records after a performance at the Anderson Theatre in New York City.

1968–The Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame opens in Springfield, Massachusetts.

1969–Golda Meir is sworn in as Israel's first female Prime Minister.

1969–U.S. release of the James Taylor LP, James Taylor, on Apple. He is one of the first artists signed to The Beatles new label.

1970–The Chicago Seven defendants are found innocent of conspiring to incite riots at the 1968 Democratic National Convention.

1970–Film composer, Alfred Newman, dies from complications of emphysema in Hollywood, California, at age 68. In a career which spanned over 40 years, Newman composed music for over 200 films. He was one of the most respected film score composers of his time, and is regarded as one of the greatest musicians ever to work in film.

1972–President Richard M. Nixon departs on a historic trip to China.

1972–British Parliament votes to join the European Common Market.

1972–Sales of the Volkswagen Beetle exceed those of the Ford Model T.

1972–Musician, Billie Joe Armstrong, of Green Day, is born in Oakland, California.

1972–(Oliver) Taylor Hawkins, of Foo Fighters, is born in Fort Worth, Texas.

1974–Robert K. Preston, a disgruntled U.S. Army private, circles the White House in a stolen helicopter.

1974–Actor, Jerry O'Connell, is born Jeremiah O'Connell in New York, New York. He starred in the TV series Sliders (1995-1999). He appeared in the films Stand By Me, Calendar Girl, Joe’s Apartment, Jerry Maguire, Mission to Mars, and Veronica Mars.

1975–The John Lennon LP, Rock 'n' Roll, is released in the U.S. on Apple. This was Lennon’s final record before a self-imposed five-year exile from the music business.

1978–The Provisional IRA detonates an incendiary bomb at the La Mon Restaurant, near Belfast, killing 12 people and seriously injuring 30 others.

1979–The Sino-Vietnamese War begins.

1980–First winter ascent of Mount Everest is made by Krzysztof Wielicki and Leszek Cichy.

1980–Television and film composer, Jerry Fielding, dies of a heart attack in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, at age 57. He wrote the title themes for such classic TV shows as McHale's Navy, Bewitched, and Hogan's Heroes. His films include Straw Dogs, Junior Bonner, Bring Me the Head of Alfredo Garcia, The Outlaw Josey Wales, and Escape from Alcatraz.

1981–The Chrysler Corporation reports the largest corporate losses in U.S. history.

1981–American heiress and socialite, Paris (Whitney) Hilton, is born in New York, New York. She is the great-granddaughter of Conrad Hilton, the founder of Hilton Hotels. Her sister is Nicky Hilton, and Kyle and Kim Richards are her aunts. She has parlayed her media fame into perfumes and a fashion line with her endorsement. Her fragrances have reportedly earned $1.5 billion.

1982–Jazz pianist, Thelonious Monk, dies of a stroke in Weehawken, New Jersey at age 64. He had a unique improvisational style and made numerous contributions to the standard jazz repertoire, including Epistrophy, 'Round Midnight, Blue Monk, Straight, No Chaser and Well, You Needn't.

1982–Acting coach, Lee Strasberg, dies of a heart attack in New York, New York, at age 80. In 1969, Strasberg founded the Lee Strasberg Theatre and Film Institute in New York City and Hollywood, California, to teach the work he pioneered.

1983–The U.S. conducts a nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.

1986–Indian philosopher, Jiddu Krishnamurti, dies of pancreatic cancer in Ojai, California, at age 90. In his early life he was groomed to be the new World Teacher, but later rejected this mantle and withdrew from the organization behind it. His ideas included psychological revolution, the nature of mind, meditation, inquiry, human relationships, and bringing about radical change in society. He constantly stressed the need for a revolution in the psyche of every human being and emphasised that such a revolution cannot be brought about by any external entity, be it religious, political, or social.

1989–A six-week study of the Arctic atmosphere shows there is no hole in the ozone.

1989–The USSR conducts a nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh.

1989–Rocker, David Coverdale, of Whitesnake, marries actress, Tawny Kitaen.

1991–Singer-songwriter, Ed Sheeran, is born Edward Christopher Sheeran in Hebden Bridge, West Yorkshire, England. In 2012, he won two Brit Awards for Best British Male Solo Artist and British Breakthrough Act.

1992–A court in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, sentences serial killer, Jeffrey Dahmer, to life in prison.

1992–Armenian troops massacre more than 20 Azerbaijani civilians during the Capture of Garadaghly.

1994–Journalist, Randy Shilts, dies of AIDS in Guerneville, California, at age 42. He wrote the book And the Band Played On: Politics, People, and the AIDS Epidemic.

1995–The Cenepa War between Peru and Ecuador ends on a ceasefire brokered by the United Natons.

1995–Colin Fergusson is found guilty of killing six people on the Long Island Railroad in New York.

1996–World champion, Garry Kasparov, beats the Deep Blue supercomputer in a chess match in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

1996–NASA's Discovery Program begins as the NEAR Shoemaker spacecraft lifts off on the first mission ever to orbit and land on an asteroid (433 Eros).

1996–An 8.2 earthquake shakes the Papua Province of eastern Indonesia. A large tsunami follows, killing 166 people and injuring 423 others.

1997–ABC-TV airs the rockumentary Hey, Hey, It's The Monkees, directed by Michael Nesmith.

1998–Larry Wayne Harris and Bill Levitt are arrested for possession of anthrax.

2000–John Lennon's Steinway piano, on which he composed Imagine, goes on display at The Beatles Story Museum in Liverpool, England. The piano would be auctioned on the internet later in the year, expecting to fetch more than £1 million.

2000–Windows 2000 Professional Edition is released. Windows 2000 is “the next generation NT operating system” that Microsoft said took four years and cost over $1 billion to develop.

2003–The London Congestion Charge is introduced. It is a fee charged on most motor vehicles operating within the Congestion Charge Zone (CCZ) in central London, England, between 7:00 a.m. and 6:00 p.m. Monday to Friday. It is not charged on weekends, public holidays, or between Christmas Day and New Year's Day. The standard charge is £11.50 for each day, for each non-exempt vehicle that travels within the zone, with a penalty of between £65 and £195 levied for non-payment. It remains as one of the largest congestion charge zones in the world. It aims to reduce high traffic flow and raise investment funds for London's transport system.

2004–José López Portillo, President of Mexico (1976-1982), dies of pneumonia in Mexico City, Mexico, at age 83.

2005–Actor, Dan O'Herlihy, dies of natural causes in Malibu, California, at age 85. He appeared in the films Kidnapped, Soldiers Three, The Highwayman, The Blue Veil, Invasion U.S.A., Robinson Crusoe, Home Before Dark, Imitation of Life, The Young Land, Fail Safe, The Big Cube, The Carey Treatment, The Tamarind Seed, The Last Starfighter, and RoboCop.

2006–A massive mudslide occurs in Southern Leyte, Philippines, killing 1,126 people.

2006–Bill Cowsill, of The Cowsills, dies of emphysema, Cushing syndrome, and osteoporosis in Calgary, Alberta, Canada, at age 58. He was the lead singer and guitarist of family group, The Cowsills, who had three “Top 10” singles in the late 1960s.

2008–Kosovo declares independence from Serbia.

2010–Actress, Kathryn Grayson, dies in her sleep at her home in Los Angeles, California, at age 88. She appeared in the films Anchors Aweigh, The Kissing Bandit, Show Boat, Lovely to Look At, and Kiss Me Kate.

2011–Libyan protests begin as security forces in Bahrain launch a deadly pre-dawn raid on protesters in Pearl Roundabout in Manama.

2013–Country singer, Mindy McCready, dies from suicide by gunshot in Heber Springs, Arkansas, at age 37.

2014–Jimmy Fallon becomes the new host of The Tonight Show, which originates from the same studio (Studio 6B at NBC's New York studios) where the show originated until moving to the West Coast in May 1972. The premiere also includes a long line of surprise cameos, among them Joan Rivers (whose appearance marks her first time on the show since being blacklisted from the program in 1986, by then-host Johnny Carson, after she joined Fox's The Late Show).

2014–Bob Casale, of Devo, dies of heart failure in Los Angeles, California, at age 61. The band’s biggest hit was Whip It.

2015–Eighteen people are killed and 78 are injured in a stampede at a Mardi Gras parade in Haiti.

2015–Actress, June Fairchild, dies of liver cancer in Los Angeles, California, at age 68. She appeared in the films Where Angels Go Trouble Follows!, Head, Pretty Maids All in a Row, Summertree, Your Three Minutes Are Up, Thunderbolt and Lightfoot, The Student Body, Sextette, and Up in Smoke. Long-time girfriend of Danny Hutton, of Three Dog Night, she was the one who came up with the clever name for the band.

2016–Experts confirm the discovery of a lost Spanish settlement in Florida from an expedition led by Tristan de Luna.

2016–The South Dakota Legislature passes a bill requiring students, even those identifying as transgender, to use the school bathroom corresponding to their gender at birth.

2016–Filipino Senate candidate and boxer, Manny Pacquiao, calls LGBT people "less than animals" when asked about his opposition to same-sex marriage, prompting condemnation from prominent Filipino LGBT figures such as Aiza Seguerra, John Lapus, and Vice Ganda. Pacquiao quickly apologizes.

2016–Military vehicles explode outside a Turkish Armed Forces barracks in Ankara, Turkey, killing at least 29 people and injuring 61 others.

2017–British-Dutch consumer goods company, Unilever, rejects a $143 billion takeover from Kraft Heinz, saying the deal has no financial or strategic merit.

2017–Zealandia comes closer to being recognized as the Earth’s eighth continent. New Caledonia, as well as New Zealand’s North and South Islands are the land mass’s three exposed pieces.

2017–Facebook CEO, Mark Zuckerberg, writes a 6,000 word post (dubbed The Mark Manifesto), offering a glimpse into Zuckerberg’s global aspirations.

2017–Up to seven suicide bombers blow themselves up after failing in an attempt to attack a camp for displaced people near Maiduguri, Nigeria.

2017–Graphic artist, Alan Aldridge, dies in Los Angeles, California, at age 73. He is best known for his art work in the book The Beatles Illustrated Lyrics.

2017–Politician, Robert Michel, dies of pneumonia in Arlington, Virginia, at age 93. He was a member of the Republican Party who served in the U.S. House of Representatives for 38 years. He represented central Illinois' 18th congressional district, and was the GOP leader in Congress, serving as Minority Leader for the last 14 years (1981-1995) of a decades-long era of Democratic Party dominance of the House.


PHOTOS TOP TO BOTTOM: Moliere; S.S. McClure; canned sardines in oil; Henry Steel Olcott; Nude Descending a Staircase by Marcel Duchamp; Jock Mahoney; the first New Yorker magazine; Alan Bates; Jim Brown; Gene Pitney; Patricia Morrow; Rene Russo; The Beach Boys; Herb Alpert; Big Brother and the Holding Company featuring Janis Joplin; John Lennon's Rock 'n' Roll album; Paris Hilton; Krishnamurti; John Lennon's Steinway piano; Mindy McCready; June Fairchild; and pages from The Beatles Illustrated Lyrics by Alan Aldridge.

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