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1809–Abraham Lincoln, the 16th President of the United States, is born in a one-room log cabin on the Sinking Spring Farm in Hardin County, Kentucky. Lincoln led the United States through its Civil War: its bloodiest war and its greatest moral, constitutional, and political crisis. He therefore preserved the Union, abolished slavery, strengthened the federal government, and modernized the economy. Abraham Lincoln has been consistently ranked both by scholars and the public as one of the greatest U.S. presidents.



41–Tiberius Claudius Caesar Britannicus, heir to the Roman Emperorship, is born in Rome, Italy.

661–Princess Oku of Japan is born. She was a Japanese princess during the Asuka period in Japanese history.

881–Pope John VIII crowns Charles the Fat, the King of Italy, Holy Roman Emperor.

1074–Conrad II of Italy, is born at at Hersfeld Abbey. He was the Duke of Lower Lorraine (1076-1087), King of Germany (1087-1098) and King of Italy (1093-1098).

1429–English forces, under Sir John Fastolf, defend a supply convoy carrying rations to the army besieging Orléans, in the Battle of the Herrings.

1502–Vasco da Gama sets sail from Lisbon, Portugal, on his second voyage to India.

1517–Catherine of Navarre dies in Mont-de-Marsan, France, at age 49. She was also Duchess of Gandia, Montblanc, and Peñafiel; Countess of Foix, Bigorre, and Ribagorza; and Viscountess of Béarn.

1541–Santiago, Chile, is founded by Pedro de Valdivia.

1554–Lady Jane Grey, Queen of England for nine days in 1553, is executed for high treason at the Tower of London, along with her husband, Guilford Dudley. Her execution was fixed when her cousin Queen Mary was persuaded by her councilors that Protestants would rally around the young ex-queen as long as she lived. Lady Jane Grey's body was buried, along with Dudley's, in St. Peter's ad Vincula Church, near the graves of Anne Boleyn and Catherine Howard, two other executed queens.

1578–Catherine of Austria, Queen of Portugal, dies in Lisbon, Portugal, at age 71.

1593–During the Japanese invasion of Korea, approximately 3,000 Joseon defenders, led by general Kwon Yul, successfully repel more than 30,000 Japanese forces, in the Siege of Haengju.

1665–German botanist, Rudolph Jacob Camerarius, is born in Tübingen, Holy Roman Empire. He discovered the existence of sexes in plants, identifying the stamen and pistil as the male and female organs.

1689–The Convention Parliament declares that the flight to France in 1688 by James II, the last Roman Catholic British monarch, constitutes an abdication.

1728–French Neoclassical architect, Étienne-Louis Boullée, is born in Paris, France. Boullée championed the concept of architecture which was expressive of its purpose. Though his detractors referred to his doctrine as "talking architecture," the idea would eventually become an essential element of the Beaux-Arts architectural school in the late 19th century.

1733–Englishman, James Oglethorpe, founds Georgia, the 13th of the Thirteen Colonies.

1768–Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor, is born Franz Joseph Karl in Florence, Italy.

1771–Adolf Frederick, King of Sweden, dies at Stockholm Palace, Stockholm, Sweden, at age 60. He had consumed a meal consisting of lobster, caviar, sauerkraut, kippers, and champagne, which was topped off with 14 servings of his favourite dessert: semla stuffed with almond paste and served in a bowl of hot cream. Gustav III becomes the King of Sweden.

1775–Louisa Adams, wife of John Quincy Adams, is born Louisa Catherine Johnson in London, England. She was the sixth First Lady of the United States.

1789–American patriot, Ethan Allen, dies from an apoplectic fit in Burlington, Vermont Republic, at age 51. He is best known as one of the founders of the U.S. state of Vermont, and for the capture of Fort Ticonderoga early in the American Revolutionary War.

1791–Inventor, Peter Cooper, is born. He obtained the first patent for the manufacture of gelatin.

1804–German philosopher, Immanuel Kant, dies in Königsberg, Prussia, at age 79. His most important works were Critique of Pure Reason, Critique of Practical Reason, and Critique of Judgement.

1809–Charles Darwin, is born in Shrewsbury, Shropshire, England. He developed the theory of evolution expressed in his book The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection. Darwin was able to convince most scientists that evolution as descent with modification was correct, and he was regarded as a great scientist who had revolutionized ideas.

1809–Abraham Lincoln, the 16th President of the United States, is born in a one-room log cabin on the Sinking Spring Farm in Hardin County, Kentucky. Lincoln led the United States through its Civil War: its bloodiest war and its greatest moral, constitutional, and political crisis. He therefore preserved the Union, abolished slavery, strengthened the federal government, and modernized the economy. Abraham Lincoln has been consistently ranked both by scholars and the public as one of the greatest U.S. presidents.

1816–The Teatro di San Carlo, the oldest working opera house in Europe, is destroyed by fire.

1817–An Argentine/Chilean patriotic army, after crossing the Andes, defeats Spanish troops in the Battle of Chacabuco.

1818–Bernardo O'Higgins formally approves the Chilean Declaration of Independence near Concepción, Chile.

1825–The Creek Indians give the last of their lands in Georgia to the United States government, and migrate west.

1832–Ecuador annexes the Galápagos Islands.

1851–Edward Hargraves announces that he has found gold in Bathurst, New South Wales, Australia, starting the Australian gold rushes.

1855–Michigan State University is established in East Lansing, Michigan.

1857–Documentary photographer, Eugène Atget, is born Jean-Eugène-Auguste Atget in Libourne, Gironde, Aquitaine, France. Atget's body of work preserved the face of 19th-century Paris as its architecture and street-life was being transformed by modernization. Late in his lifetime, his work was highly regarded and championed by American photographers, Berenice Abbott and Man Ray, despite being unappreciated by his own countrymen. Following his death, Berenice Abbott published much of Atget’s work in the United States. She exhibited, printed, and wrote about his work, as well as collecting an exhaustive archive of writings about him and his work.

1876–Al Spalding opens his first sporting goods store.

1876–The 13th Dalai Lama is born Thubten Gyatso in Thakpo Langdun, U-Tsang, Tibet.

1877–Industrialist, Louis Renault, co-founder of Renault, is born in Paris, France. Renault built one of France's largest automobile manufacturing concerns, which bears his name to this day.

1879–The first artificial ice rink in North America opens at New York City's Madison Square Garden. The first venue to use that name, it had a seating capacity of 10,000 spectators. It operated from 1879 to 1890, when it was replaced with a new building on the same site.

1881–Ballerina, Anna Pavlova, is born Anna Pavlovna (Matveyevna) Pavlova in Ligovo, Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire. Pavlova is best known for the creation of the role “The Dying Swan.” With her own company, she became the first ballerina to tour ballet around the world.

1892–Former President Abraham Lincoln's birthday is declared a national holiday in the United States.

1893–General Omar (Nelson) Bradley is born in Randolph County, Missouri. During World War II, from the Normandy landings of June 6, 1944, to the end of the war in Europe, Bradley had command of all U.S. ground forces invading Germany from the west: he ultimately commanded 43 divisions and 1.3 million men, the largest body of American soldiers ever to serve under a single U.S. field commander. After the war, Bradley headed the Veterans Administration and became Army Chief of Staff. In 1949, Bradley was appointed the first Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and the following year oversaw the policy-making for the Korean War, before retiring from active service in 1953.

1894–Anarchist, Émile Henry, hurls a bomb into the Cafe Terminus in Paris, France, killing one person and wounding 20.

1904–Radio and television personality, Ted Mack, is born William Edward Maguiness in Greely, Colorado. He was the host of Ted Mack and the Original Amateur Hour on radio and television. Mack's pleasant manner and unflappable calm put many nervous contestants at ease, and he used the same down-to-earth tone for commercials and public-service announcements. The show aired on radio until 1952, and on TV until 1970, where it ran on all four major networks, ending as a Sunday afternoon CBS-TV staple.

1909–The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) is founded in New York.

1909–New Zealand's worst maritime disaster of the 20th century occurs when the SS Penguin, an inter-island ferry, sinks and explodes at the entrance to Wellington Harbour.

1911–Record executive, Stephen H. Sholes, is born in Washington, D.C. He worked for a time in RCA Victor's radio division. In 1945, he became head of the country division in Nashville, and was responsible for recruiting talent such as Chet Atkins, Eddy Arnold, Hank Locklin, Homer and Jethro, Hank Snow, Jim Reeves, and Pee Wee King. In 1955, he signed Elvis Presley to RCA Victor. He eventually had 15 chart topping hit singles in the U.K. as a record producer for Presley.

1912–The Xuantong Emperor, the last Emperor of China, abdicates.

1914–The first stone of the Lincoln Memorial is put into place in Washington, D.C.

1914–Saxophonist, Tex Beneke, is born Gordon Lee Beneke in Fort Worth, Texas. His career is associated with bandleader, Glenn Miller, and former musicians and singers who worked with Miller.

1915–In Washington, D.C., the first stone of the Lincoln Memorial is put into place.

1915–Actor, Lorne Greene, is born Lyon Himan Green in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. He is best known for the role of Ben Cartwright on the Western TV series Bonanza. He appeared in the films The Silver Chalice, Autumn Leaves, Peyton Place, Earthquake, and Nevada Smith.

1919–Actor, Forrest Tucker, is born in Plainfield, Indiana. He is best known for the role of Sgt. Morgan O'Rourke on the TV series F Troop. He appeared in the films The Yearling, The Nevadan, Sands of Iwo Jima, Auntie Mame, and Chisum.

1921–Bolsheviks launch a revolt in Georgia as a preliminary to the Red Army invasion of Georgia.

1923–Opera and film director, Franco Zeffirelli, is born in Florence, Italy. He became famous for his lavish set designs for Luchino Visconti's opera productions, and made a name for himself with his film version of Romeo and Juliet in 1968.

1924–Composer, George Gershwin, makes his first public performance of Rhapsody in Blue at Carnegie Hall in New York.

1924–Calvin Coolidge becomes the first President of the United States to deliver a political speech over radio.

1926–Charles Van Doren, American quiz show contestant, is born in New York, New York. He is an intellectual, writer, and editor, who was involved in a quiz show scandal in the 1950s. In 1959, he confessed before U.S. Congress that he had been given the correct answers by the producers of the show Twenty One. The story of the scandal is told in the film Quiz Show. He was the son of Pulitzer Prize-winning poet and literary critic, Mark Van Doren, and writer, Dorothy Van Doren, and nephew of critic and Pulitzer Prize-winning biographer, Carl Van Doren.

1926–Baseball player, Joe Garagiola, is born in St. Louis, Missouri. He was a catcher in Major League Baseball who later became an announcer and television host. As an announcer, Garagiola is best known for his almost 30-year association with NBC-TV. In 1991, he was honored by the Baseball Hall of Fame with the Ford C. Frick Award for outstanding broadcasting accomplishments.

1926–Baseball player and sports announcer, Joe Garagiola, is born Joseph Henry Garagiola in St. Louis, Missouri. He was a catcher in Major League Baseball who later became an announcer and television host. As an announcer, Garagiola is best known for his almost 30-year association with NBC-TV. In 1991, he was honored by the Baseball Hall of Fame with the Ford C. Frick Award for outstanding broadcasting accomplishments.

1929–Singer-actress, Lillie Langtry, dies of pneumonia in Monte Carlo, Monaco, at age 75. By 1881, She starred in many plays, including She Stoops to Conquer, The Lady of Lyons, and As You Like It. She eventually ran her own stage production company.

1933–Film director, Costa-Gavras, is born Constantinos Gavras in Loutra Iraias, Greece. Most of his movies were made in French, but starting in 1982, several were made in English. His films include Z, Missing, Hanna K, and Mad City.

1935–The USS Macon, one of the two largest helium-filled airships ever created, crashes into the Pacific Ocean and sinks off the coast of California.

1935–French chef, Georges Auguste Escoffier, dies in Monte Carlo, Monaco, at age 88. He was a restaurateur and pioneer in the development of modern French Cuisine. Alongside the recipes he recorded and created, another of Escoffier's contributions to cooking was to elevate it to the status of a respected profession, by introducing organized discipline to his kitchens. He wrote the book, Le Guide Culinaire, which is still used today.

1936–Actor, Joe Don Baker, is born in Groesbeck, Texas. He is best known for the role of real-life Tennessee Sheriff, Buford Pusser, in the film Walking Tall. He also appeared in the films Cool Hand Luke, Junior Bonner, Charley Varrick, The Outfit, Mitchell, The Natural, Fletch, and Cape Fear.

1939–Ray Manzarek, keyboard player for The Doors, is born Raymond Daniel Manzarek Jr. in Chicago, Illinois. The Doors would sell more than 100 million albums, thanks to front man, Jim Morrison, and iconic hits such as Hello, I Love You, Light My Fire, Break on Through (To the Other Side), and Riders on the Storm. After Morrison’s death in 1971, Manzarek went on to become a best-selling author, and a Grammy-nominated solo recording artist.

1940–Actor, Richard (Hugh) Lynch, is born in Brooklyn, New York. He appeared in the films Scarecrow, The Seven-Ups, The Happy Hooker, Deathsport, The Formula, Savage Dawn, Invasion U.S.A., The Barbarians, Little Nikita, Trancers II, and Halloween.

1942–Artist, Grant Wood, dies in Iowa City, Iowa, at age 49. His most famous painting is “American Gothic.“ It is also one of the few images to reach the status of universally recognized cultural icon (comparable to Leonardo da Vinci's “Mona Lisa” and Edvard Munch's “The Scream”).

1945–Model-actress, Maud Adams, is born Maud Solveig Christina Wikström in Lulea, Sweden. She appeared in the films Rollerball, Octopussy, and A View to a Kill.

1945–Actor, Cliff De Young, is born Clifford Tobin DeYoung in Los Angeles, California. Prior to his acting career, he was the lead singer of the 1960s rock group, Clear Light, which opened for acts such as The Doors, Jimi Hendrix, and Janis Joplin. After the band broke up, he starred in the Broadway production of Hair and the Tony Award-winning Sticks and Bones. He appeared in the films Harry and Tonto, Shock Treatment, Independence Day, The Hunger, Reckless, Secret Admirer, Fear, Glory, and Flashback.

1946–African American U.S. Army veteran, Isaac Woodard, is severely beaten by a South Carolina police officer, to the point where he loses his vision in both eyes. The incident later galvanizes the Civil Rights Movement and partially inspires Orson Welles' film Touch of Evil.

1946–Joe Schermie, bass player for Three Dog Night, is born Joseph Edward Schermetzler in Madison, Wisconsin.

1947–A meteor creates an impact crater in Sikhote-Alin, in the Soviet Union.

1947–Christian Dior unveils a "New Look," helping Paris, France, regain its position as the capital of the fashion world.

1950–Physicist, Albert Einstein, warns against the use of the hydrogen bomb.

1950–Senator Joe McCarthy claims to have a list of 205 communist government employees.

1952–Singer-keyboardist, Michael McDonald, is born in St. Louis, Missouri. He began his career singing back-up vocals with Steely Dan, then became a member of The Doobie Brothers from 1976 to 1982. Their hits include Takin' It to the Streets, What a Fool Believes, and Minute by Minute. He had solo hits with I Keep Forgettin' and On My Own (with Patti Labelle).

1953–Actress, Joanna Kerns, is born Joanna Crussie DeVarona in San Francisco, California. She is best known for the role of Maggie Seaver on the TV sitcom Growing Pains. She appeared in the TV movies A Bunny’s Tale, The Man with Three Wives, and Terror in the Family.

1954–Lyons's LEO produces a payroll report. It is the first time in history a computer is used in business.

1955–A chart topper: Sincerely by The McGuire Sisters.

1955–Comedian, Arsenio Hall, is born in Cleveland, Ohio. He is best known for hosting The Arsenio Hall Show, a late-night talk show that ran from 1989 to 1994. The show became a breakout success, especially rating high among the coveted younger demographic. He has appeared in the films Amazon Women on the Moon, Coming to America, and Harlem Nights.

1956–Bluesman, Screamin' Jay Hawkins, records I Put a Spell on You for Okeh Records in New York.

1961–Soviet Union launches Venera 1 towards Venus.

1963–Construction begins on the Gateway Arch in St. Louis, Missouri.

1964–The Beatles return to New York City by train (from Washington, D.C.) for two performances at Carnegie Hall. Total attendance for both shows is capacity of 5,800. Ticket prices range from $1.65 to $5.50. There was such a demand for tickets that some seating was arranged surrounding the stage. Capitol Records wanted to record these shows, but union opposition from the American Federation of Musicians prevented it.

1968–Jimi Hendrix returns home to Seattle, Washington, where he plays for the students of Garfield High School (from which he dropped out) and receives a key to the city.

1968–The 25th Annual Golden Globe Awards announces its winners. Best Picture: In the Heat of the Night; Best Actor: Rod Steiger for In the Heat of the Night; Best Actress: Edith Evans for The Whisperers; Best Director: Mike Nichols for The Graduate; Best Comedy: The Graduate; Best Foreign Film: The Fox (Canada) and Live for Life (France).

1968–Actor, Josh (James) Brolin, is born in Santa Monica, California. He starred in the TV series The Young Riders. He has appeared in the films The Goonies, Bed of Roses, Flirting with Disaster, The Mod Squad, No Country for Old Men, W., Milk, and True Grit. He is the son of actor, James Brolin, and Barbra Streisand is his stepmother. He was married to actress, Diane Lane.

1968–Singer, Chynna (Gilliam) Phillips, is born in Los Angeles, California. In the late 1980s, Phillips formed the trio Wilson Phillips with her childhood friends Carnie and Wendy Wilson (daughters of Beach Boy, Brian Wilson). She is the daughter of John and Michelle Phillips of The Mamas and The Papas, and Mackenzie Phillips and Bijou Phillips are her half-sisters. She is married to actor, William Baldwin.

1971–James Cash Penney, founder of the J.C. Penney department store chain, dies of heart trouble in New York, New York, at age 95.

1973–The first group of U.S. prisoners of war are freed from North Vietnam.

1974–Legendary rock club, The Bottom Line, opens in New York.

1974–Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1970, is exiled from the Soviet Union.

1976–The widely used food coloring, Red Dye No. 2, is banned by the FDA because studies had indicated it might cause cancer.

1976–The U.S. conducts a nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.

1976–Actor, Sal Mineo, is stabbed to death outside his apartment building in West Hollywood, California, at age 37. After a lengthy investigation, Lionel Ray Williams, a pizza delivery man, was arrested for the crime. In March 1979, he was convicted and sentenced to 57 years in prison for killing Mineo, and for committing 10 robberies in the same area. Sal Mineo appeared in the films Rebel Without a Cause, Giant, The Gene Krupa Story, Somebody Up There Likes Me, The Young Don’t Cry, and Crime in the Streets.

1979–Actor-director, Jean Renoir, dies in Beverly Hills, California, at age 84. In 1937, he made what became one of his best-known films, La Grande Illusion. His other films include Boudu Saved from Drowning, The Rules of the Game, The Golden Coach, and Picnic on the Grass. He was the son of French painter, Pierre-Auguste Renoir.

1980–Actress, Christina Ricci, is born in Santa Monica, California. She has appeared in the films Mermaids, The Addams Family, Now and Then, The Ice Storm, Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas, Prozac Nation, and Monster.

1982–The U.S. conducts a nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.

1982–Actor, Victor Jory, dies in Santa Monica, California, at age 79. He appeared in the films Gone with the Wind, The Shadow, The Fugitive Kind, The Miracle Worker, and Papillon.

1983–One hundred women protest against military dictator Zia-ul-Haq's proposed Law of Evidence in Lahore, Pakistan. The women are tear-gassed, baton-charged, and thrown into lock-up.

1983–Ragtime composer and jazz pianist, Eubie Blake, dies in Brooklyn, New York, at age 96. Blake's compositions include such hits as Bandana Days, Charleston Rag, Love Will Find A Way, Memories of You and I'm Just Wild About Harry.

1985–Actor, Nicholas Colasanto, dies of a heart attack in Studio City, California, at age 61. He was best known for the role of Coach on the sitcom Cheers. Suffering from heart disease, his health worsened by the third season of the series. After his death, Colasanto's character was written out of the show, and the fourth season premiere episode, "Birth, Death, Love and Rice," dealt with Coach's death, as well as introducing Colasanto's successor, played by Woody Harrelson.

1989–Novelty artist, Tiny Tim, declares himself a candidate for Mayor of New York City.

1990–Carmen Lawrence becomes the first female Premier of Western Australia.

1992–The current Constitution of Mongolia goes into effect.

1993–Two-year-old James Bulger is abducted from the New Strand Shopping Centre in Bootle, Merseyside, England, by two ten-year-old boys, who later torture and murder him.

1994–Four men break into the National Gallery of Norway and steal Edvard Munch's iconic painting, “The Scream.”

1994–The XVII Winter Olympic Games open in Lillehammer, Norway.

1997–Fred Goldman says he will settle for a signed murder confession from O.J. Simpson in lieu of his $20.5 million civil judgment.

1997–Rocker, David Bowie, is awarded a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.

1999–The U.S. Senate acquits President Bill Clinton of perjury and obstruction of justice in his impeachment trial.

2000–Blues singer, Screamin' Jay Hawkins, dies from an aneurysm in Paris, France, at age 70. He is best known for the 1956 recording of I Put a Spell on You.

2000–Former Dallas Cowboys coach, Tom Landry, dies of leukemia in Dallas, Texas, at age 75. He is ranked as one of the greatest and most innovative coaches in National Football League (NFL) history. His most impressive professional accomplishment is his 20 consecutive winning seasons (1966–1985), an NFL record that remains unbroken and unchallenged.

2000–Singer, Oliver, dies of cancer in Shreveport, Louisiana, at age 54. He was best known for his international hit, Good Morning Starshine, from the musical Hair.

2000–”Peanuts” creator, Charles Schulz, dies of colon cancer in Santa Rosa, California, at age 77.

2001–NEAR Shoemaker spacecraft touches down in the "saddle" region of 433 Eros, becoming the first spacecraft to land on an asteroid.

2002–The trial of Slobodan Milosrvic, former President of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, begins at the United Nations International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia in The Hague, Netherlands. He dies four years later before its conclusion.

2002–An Iran Airtour Tupolev Tu-154 crashes in the mountains outside Khorramabad, Iran, while descending for a landing at Khorramabad Airport. One hundred and nineteen people are killed.

2004–The city of San Francisco, California, begins issuing marriage licenses to same-sex couples in response to a directive from Mayor Gavin Newsom.

2006–An intense snow squall off of Lake Michigan cuts visibility to zero along a section of US 31. The resulting whiteout causes a 96-car pile up. Twenty-five people are injured.

2008–Actor, David Groh, dies of kidney cancer in Los Angeles, California, at age 68. He is best known for the role of Joe Gerard in the TV sitcom Rhoda.

2009–Colgan Air Flight 3407 crashes into a house in Clarence Center, New York, while on approach to Buffalo Niagara International Airport, killing everyone on board and one peson on the ground.

2010–The Winter Olympic Games begin in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

2011–Actress, Betty Garrett, dies of an aortic aneurysm in Los Angeles, California, at age 91. She is best known for the TV sitcom roles of Irene in All in the Family and Mrs. Bavish in Laverne & Shirley.

2011–Actor, Kenneth Mars, dies of pancreatic cancer in Granada Hills, California, at age 75. He appeared in the films The Producers, Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid, What’s Up, Doc?, The Parallax View, Young Frankenstein, Misfits of Science, and Radio Days.

2012–The 54th Annual Grammy Awards announces its winners. Record of the Year: Adele for Rolling in the Deep; Album of the Year: Adele for 21; Song of the Year: Adele Adkins and Paul Epworth (songwriters) for Rolling in the Deep; Best Vocal Performance, Male: No award given; Best Vocal Performance, Female: Adele for Someone Like You; Best Performance by a Vocal Group: Tony Bennett and Amy Winehouse for Body and Soul; Best Country & Western Performance: Taylor Swift for Mean; Best Rhythm & Blues Performance: Corinne Bailey Rae for Is this Love; Best Rock Performance: Foo Fighters for Walk; Best Instrumental Performance: Booker T. Jones for The Road from Memphis; Best Rap Performance: Jay-Z and Kanye West featuring Otis Redding for Otis; Best New Artist: Bon Iver. The ceremonies are held at Staples Center in Los Angeles, California. The host is LL Cool J.

2012–Actress, Zina Bethune, dies from a hit and run accident in Griffith Park, Los Angeles, California, at age 66. She was trying to help an injured opossum. She was featured on the TV series The Nurses, from 1962 to 1965. She also appeared in a variety of television shows including Naked City, Route 66, Gunsmoke, Emergency!, and Police Story.

2013–North Korea confirms it has successfully tested a nuclear device that could be weaponized.

2014–Comedian, Sid Caesar, dies in Beverly Hills, California, at age 91. He was best known for the pioneering 1950s live TV series, Your Show of Shows. Among the writers who wrote for Caesar early in their careers were Mel Brooks, Neil Simon, Larry Gelbart, Carl Reiner, and Woody Allen.

2015–Sam Andrew, of Big Brother & the Holding Company, dies during open heart surgery in San Francisco, California, at age 73.

2015–Radio and television announcer, Gary Owens, dies from complications due to type 1 diabetes in Encino California, at age 80. He is best known as the announcer on NBC’s Rowan and Martin’s Laugh-In (1968-1973), with his trademark hand-over-the-ear announcing style.

2016–Pope Francis meets with Patriarch Kirill of Moscow in Havana, Cuba. It is the first time that the heads of the Roman Catholic Church and Russian Orthodox Church have ever met.

2016–Evgeny Lebedev, the owner of the British national newspaper, The Independent, announces that as of March 2016, the 29-year-old paper will only publish online, with print editions coming to an end.

2017–North Korea test fires a ballistic missile over the Sea of Japan.

2017–Former Foreign Minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier is elected President of Germany.

2017–The 59th Annual Grammy Awards announces its winners. Record of the Year: Adele for Hello; Album of the Year: Adele for 25; Song of the Year: Adele Adkins and Greg Kurstin (songwriters) for Hello; Best Vocal Performance, Male: No award given; Best Vocal Performance, Female: Adele for Hello; Best Performance by a Vocal Group: Twenty One Pilots for Stressed Out; Best Country & Western Performance: Maren Morris for My Church; Best Rhythm & Blues Performance: Solange for Cranes in the Sky; Best Rock Performance: David Bowie for Blackstar; Best Instrumental Performance: Snarky Puppy for Culcha Vulcha; Best Rap Performance: Chance the Rapper featuring Lil Wayne & 2 Chainz for No Problem; Best Music Film: The Beatles–Eight Days a Week, The Touring Years; Best New Artist: Chance the Rapper. The ceremonies are held at Staples Center in Los Angeles, California. The host is James Cordon.

2017–Singer, Al Jarreau, dies in Los Angeles, California, at age 76. He is best known for having sung the theme song of the late-1980s TV series Moonlighting.


PHOTOS TOP TO BOTTOM: Charles the Fat, the King of Italy; Lady Jane Grey; Immanuel Kant; Abraham Lincoln; the first artificial ice rink in Madison Square Garden; Ted Mack; George Gershwin; Charles Van Doren; Jim Morrison and Ray Manzarek; Maud Adams; The McGuire Sisters; Jimi Hendrix; a J.C. Penney store; Sal Mineo; Christina Ricci; Tiny Tim; the "Peanuts" cartoon characters; Betty Garrett; Zina Bethune; and The Beatles: Eight Days a Week, the Touring Years.

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