< Back 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 Next >

1935–Singer-songwriter-producer, Sonny Bono, is born Salvatore Phillip Bono in Detroit, Michigan. As part of the duo, Sonny & Cher, he had five “Top 10” hits. He had one hit single as a solo artist, Laugh at Me. The duo’s hits include Baby Don’t Go, I Got You Babe, But You’re Mine, and The Beat Goes On. Sonny & Cher went on to TV (The Sonny & Cher Show) and nightclub work in the late 1960s and early 1970s. He was later elected mayor of Palm Springs, California, and then became a Congressman in the U.S. House of Representatives.



116–Emperor Trajan sends laureatae to the Roman Senate in Rome, Italy, on account of his victories and being conqueror of Parthia.

1032–Emperor Yingzong of Song is born Zhao Zongshi in China.

1222–Japanese monk, Nichiren, is born in the village of Kominato (now part of the city of Kamogawa), Nagase District, Awa Province (within present-day Chiba Prefecture). Nichiren taught devotion to the Lotus Sutra as the exclusive means to attaining enlightenment. Entitled “Myoho-Renge-Kyo” in Japanese, it contained Gautama Buddha's teachings towards the end of his life. This devotion to the sutra entails the chanting of “Nam Myoho Renge Kyo” (referred to as daimoku) as the essential practice of the teaching.

1249–Andrew of Longjumeau is dispatched by Louis IX of France as his ambassador to meet with the Khagan of the Mongol Empire.

1270–The Grand Duchy of Lithuania defeats the Livonian Order in the Battle of Karuse.

1279–Afonso III of Portugal dies in Alcobaça, Kingdom of Portugal, at age 68.

1304–Jayaatu Khan, Emperor Wenzong of Yuan, is born Tugh Temur in Mongolia. Apart from Emperor of China, he is regarded as the 12th Great Khan of the Mongol Empire or Mongols. He sponsored many cultural activities, wrote poetry, painted, and read the classical texts.

1391–Byzantine Emperor, John V Palaiologos, dies in Constantinople, Byzantine Empire, at age 58.

1459–Akshamsaddin, Ottoman religious scholar, poet, mystic saint, and guide of Mehmed the Conqueror, dies in at age 70. In addition to his fame in religious sciences and Tasawwuf, Akshemsaddin was popular in the fields of medicine and pharmacology.

1497–Religious reformer, Philipp Melanchthon, is born Philipp Schwartzerdt in Bretten, Germany. He was a collaborator with Martin Luther in regard to the Protestant Reformation. Along with Luther, he is the primary founder of Lutheranism.

1568–The entire population of the Netherlands, three million people, are sentenced to death for heresy by the Roman Catholic Church.

1630–Dutch forces, led by Hendrick Lonck, capture Olinda in what was to become part of Dutch Brazil.

1646–The Battle of Torrington, Devon, is the last major battle of the first English Civil War.

1699–The first Leopoldine Diploma is issued by the Holy Roman Emperor, recognizing the Greek Catholic clergy enjoyed the same privileges as Roman Catholic priests in the Principality of Transylvania.

1740–Typographer, Giambattista Bodoni, is born in Savoy, Italy. He was a type designer, compositor, printer, and publisher. There have been several modern revivals of his typefaces, all called Bodoni. They are often used as display faces. The Bodoni Museum, named for the artisan, was opened in Parma, Italy, in 1963.

1742–Spencer Compton, Earl of Wilmington, becomes British Prime Minister.

1754–Physician, Richard Mead, dies in Bloomsbury, England, at age 80. His work, A Short Discourse concerning Pestilential Contagion and the Method to be used to prevent it (1720), was of historic importance in the understanding of transmissible diseases.

1786–Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna of Russia is born Maria Pavlovna Romanova in Saint Petersburg, Empire of All the Russias.

1802–Phineas (Parkhurst) Quimby, mystic and philosopher, is born in Lebanon, New Hampshire. He was a magnetizer, mesmerist, healer, and inventor, whose work is widely recognized as leading to the New Thought movement. He was also a watch and clockmaker by trade and held several patents for mechanical devices. The name Phineas Quimby appears in Vladimir Nabokov's novel, Lolita, in a list of names that Humbert Humbert reads in hotel registries during his frantic search for his nymphette after she is lost.

1804–In the First Barbary War, Stephen Decatur leads a raid to burn the pirate-held frigate USS Philadelphia.

1843–Engineer, Henry M. Leland, is born Henry Martyn Leland in Barton, Vermont. He was a machinist, inventor, and automotive entrepreneur. He founded the two premier American luxury automotive marques, Cadillac and Lincoln.

1852–The Studebaker Brothers wagon company is established. They would later manufacture the Studebaker automobiles.

1852–Charles Taze Russell, founder of the Jehovah's Witnesses, is born in Allegheny, Pennsylvania. He was a prominent early 20th-century Christian restorationist minister and founder of what is now known as the Bible Student movement, from which Jehovah's Witnesses and numerous independent Bible Student groups emerged after his death.

1862–During the American Civil War, General Ulysses S. Grant captures Fort Donelson, Tennessee.

1866–Spencer Compton Cavendish, Marquess of Hartington, becomes British Secretary of State for War.

1874–The silver dollar becomes legal U.S. tender.

1878–Pamela Colman Smith, occultist and illustrator, is born in Pimlico, London, England. She is best known for illustrating the Waite-Smith deck of divinatory tarot cards (also called the Rider-Waite or the Rider-Waite-Smith deck) for Arthur Edward Waite. It has endured as the world's most popular 78-card tarot deck. The innovative cards depict full scenes with figures and symbols on all of the cards, including the pips, and Smith's distinctive drawings have become the basis for the design of many subsequent packs.

1881–The Canadian Pacific Railway is incorporated by an Act of Parliament in Ottawa, Canada.

1883–The Ladies Home Journal begins publication.

1896–Super-centenarian, (Anne) Eugénie Blanchard, is born in Saint Barthélemy, France. She would live to the age of 114 (and 261 days).

1899–Iceland's first football club, Knattspyrnufélag Reykjavíkur, is founded.

1899–Politician, Félix Faure, dies suddenly from apoplexy at the Élysée Palace in Paris, France, at age 58. He was the seventh President of France.

1903–Ventriloquist, Edgar Bergen, the creator of Charlie McCarthy and Mortimer Snerd, is born in Decatur, Michigan. His daughter is actress, Candice Bergen.

1907–Princess Clémentine of Orléans dies Vienna, Austria, at age 89. She was the youngest daughter of Louis-Philippe I, King of the French, and his wife, Marie Amalie of the Two Sicilies. She was the mother of Ferdinand I, Tsar of Bulgaria.

1909–Actor, (Eugene) Hugh Beaumont, is born in Eudora, Kansas. He is best known for the role of Ward Cleaver on the TV series Leave It to Beaver (1957–1963). He appeared in the films Du Barry Was a Lady, Strange Affair, Objective, Burma!, The Blue Dahlia, Lost Continent, Phone Call from a Stranger, The Member of the Wedding, The Mole People, and The Human Duplicators. Beaumont retired from show business in the late 1960s, launching a second career as a Christmas tree farmer in Grand Rapids, Minnesota.

1914–Country singer, Jimmy Wakely, is born James Clarence Wakeley in Mineola, Arkansas. He was an actor and country Western music vocalist, and one of the last singing cowboys. In 1939, Wakely made his screen debut (with the Jimmy Wakely Trio) in a Roy Rogers Western Saga of Death Valley.

1918–The Council of Lithuania unanimously adopts the Act of Independence, declaring Lithuania an independent state.

1918–Patty Andrews, of The Andrews Sisters, is born Patricia Marie Andrews in Mound, Minnesota. The Andrews Sisters became the most popular female vocal group of the first half of the 20th century. The trio had the big hit Boogie Woogie Bugle Boy in 1941. Other hits were Bei Mir Bist Du Schön, Hold Tight, Hold Tight, Beat Me Daddy, Eight to the Bar, Don't Sit Under the Apple Tree, Straighten Up and Fly Right, and Rum and Coca Cola.

1921–Musical actress, Vera-Ellen, is born Vera Ellen Westmeier Rohe in Norwood, Ohio. She appeared in the films The Kid from Brooklyn, Words and Music, On the Town, Three Little Words, Call Me Madam, and White Christmas.

1923–In Egypt, Howard Carter unseals the burial chamber of King Tutankhamun.

1923–Bessie Smith records Downhearted Blues for Columbia Records in New York City.

1926–Film director, John Schlesinger, is born in London, England. His films include A Kind of Loving, Billy Liar, Darling, Far From the Madding Crowd, Midnight Cowboy, Yanks, The Falcon and the Snowman, Madame Sousatzka, and Pacific Heights.

1928–Vaudeville entertainer, Eddie Foy, dies of a heart attack in Kansas City, Missouri, at age 71. Between 1910 and 1913, he formed a family vaudeville act, "Eddie Foy and The Seven Little Foys," which quickly became a national sensation. He was the father of entertainer, Eddie Foy, Jr.

1930–The Romanian Football Federation joins the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA).

1931–Singer-songwriter, Otis Blackwell, is born in Brooklyn, New York. Throughout his lifetime, Blackwell composed more than 1,000 songs, with worldwide sales of close to 200 million records. He wrote the songs All Shook Up, Don’t Be Cruel, Fever, Great Balls of Fire, and Breathless.

1932–Actress, Gretchen Wyler, is born Gretchen Patricia Wienecke in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. She appeared in the Broadway shows Guys and Dolls, Silk Stockings, Damn Yankees, and Bye Bye Birdie.

1933–The Blaine Act ends Prohibition in the United States.

1934–The Austrian Civil War ends with the defeat of the Social Democrats and the Republikanischer Schutzbund.

1934–Author, August (Floyd) Coppola, is born in Hartford, Connecticut. He was an academic, film executive, and advocate for the arts. His father was composer, Carmine Coppola, and his son is actor, Nicholas Cage. His brother and sister are director, Francis Ford Coppola, and actress, Talia Shire. Among his nieces and nephews are director, Sofia Coppola, and actor, Jason Schwartzman.

1935–Singer-songwriter-producer, Sonny Bono, is born Salvatore Phillip Bono in Detroit, Michigan. As part of the duo, Sonny & Cher, he had five “Top 10” hits. He had one hit single as a solo artist, Laugh at Me. The duo’s hits include Baby Don’t Go, I Got You Babe, But You’re Mine, and The Beat Goes On. Sonny & Cher went on to TV (The Sonny & Cher Show) and nightclub work in the late 1960s and early 1970s. He was later elected mayor of Palm Springs, California, and then became a Congressman in the U.S. House of Representatives.

1935–Activist, Stephen Gaskin, is born in Denver, Colorado. He was a counterculture Hippie icon, best known for his presence in the Haight-Ashbury district of San Francisco, California, in the 1960s. His writing class evolved into an open discussion group known as “Monday Night Class,” which involved up to 1,500 students. The Class was held in "The Family Dog," an auditorium on the Great Highway on Ocean Beach in the Outer Richmond neighborhood of San Francisco, California. In 1970, Gaskin was part of a caravan of 60 vehicles that crossed the United States to settle in Summertown, Tennessee, forming a community called "The Farm."

1935–Engineer, Bradford Parkinson, is born in Madison, Wisconsin. He is an inventor and U.S. Air Force Colonel best known as the father of the Global Positioning System (along with Roger L. Easton and Ivan A. Getting). In 2004, he was inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame.

1936–Elections bring the Popular Front to power in Spain.

1936–The IV Winter Olympic Games close at Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany.

1937–Wallace H. Carothers receives a U.S. patent for nylon.

1940–In World War II, the German tanker Altmark is boarded by sailors from the British destroyer HMS Cossack and 299 British prisoners are freed.

1940–Soul songwriter, Leon Ware, is born in Detroit, Michigan. Besides a solo career as a performer, Ware is best known for producing hits for other artists, including Michael Jackson, Quincy Jones, Maxwell, Minnie Riperton, and Marvin Gaye.

1941–Kim Jong-il, Supreme Leader of North Korea (1994-2011), is born Yuri Irsenovich Kim in Baekdu Mountain, Japanese Korea.

1945–In World War II, American forces land on Corregidor Island in the Philippines.

1946–The first commercially designed helicopter is tested at Bridgeport, Connecticut.

1947–Canadians are granted Canadian citizenship after 80 years of being British subjects. Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King becomes the first Canadian citizen.

1948–NBC-TV presents the first daily newsreel telecast. The program is called 20th Century Fox Movietone News.

1950–The longest-running prime-time game show, What's My Line?, debuts on CBS-TV.

1951–Actor, William (Theodore) Katt, is born in Los Angeles, California. He starred in the the TV series The Greatest American Hero, and played the lead role in Pippin on Broadway. In the 1990s, he starred with his mother (who played Della Street) in a series of new “Perry Mason” TV movies. He appeared in the films Carrie, First Love, Big Wednesday, Butch and Sundance: The Early Days, Baby: Secret of the Lost Legend, and House. His parents were actress, Barbara Hale, and actor, Bill Williams.

1954–Model-actress, Margaux Hemingway, is born in Portland, Oregon. At six feet tall, Hemingway experienced huge success as a model, including a million-dollar contract for Fabergé as the spokesmodel for Babe perfume in the 1970s. She also appeared on the covers of Cosmopolitan, Elle, Harper's Bazaar, and Vogue. She appeared in the films Lipstick, Killer Fish, Over the Brooklyn Bridge, and Inner Sanctum. She was the older sister of actress, Mariel Hemingway. Author, Ernest Hemingway, was their grandfather.

1956–Great Britain abolishes the death penalty.

1957–The "Toddlers' Truce," a controversial television blackout between 6:00 p.m. and 7:00 p.m., is abolished in the United Kingdom.

1957–Actor, LeVar Burton, is born Levardis Robert Martyn Burton, Jr. in Landstuhl, West Germany. He is best known for the role of Kunta Kinte in the TV mini-series Roots. He appeared in the films Looking for Mr. Goodbar, Dummy, The Hunter, The Jesse Owens Story, and Ali.

1958–Rapper and actor, Ice-T, is born Tracy Lauren Marrow in Newark, New Jersey. He has appeared in the films New Jack City, Ricochet, Surviving the Game, Johnny Mnemonic, and 3000 Miles to Graceland.

1959–Fidel Castro is sworn in as Prime Minister of Cuba, after leading a guerrilla campaign that ousts right-wing dictator, Fulgencio Batista.

1959–Tennis player, John McEnroe, is born John Patrick McEnroe, Jr. in Wiesbaden, West Germany. He is known for his shot-making artistry and volleying skills and for his confrontational on-court behavior, which frequently landed him in trouble with umpires and tennis authorities. He was married to actress, Tatum O'Neal (daughter of actor, Ryan O'Neal).

1960–The U.S. Navy submarine USS Triton begins Operation Sandblast, setting sail from New London, Connecticut, to begin the first submerged circumnavigation of the globe.

1960–Pete Willis, of Def Leppard, is born Peter Andrew Willis in Sheffield, South Yorkshire, England.

1961–Explorer 9 (S-56a) is launched.

1961–The DuSable Museum of African American History is chartered.

1961–China puts its first nuclear reactor into operation.

1961–Andy Taylor, of Duran Duran, is born Andrew Arthur Taylor in Cullercoats, Northumberland, England.

1962–Flooding in the coastal areas of West Germany kills 315 people and destroys the homes of about 60,000 others.

1963–A U.K. chart topper: Please Please Me by The Beatles. It is the group’s first #1 hit.

1964–The Beatles' make their second live appearance on U.S. television on The Ed Sullivan Show, exactly one week after the first. Before an audience of 3,500 at the Deauville Hotel in Miami Beach, Florida, The Beatles perform She Loves You, This Boy, All My Loving, I Saw Her Standing There, From Me to You, and I Want to Hold Your Hand.

1964–Actor, Christopher Eccleston, is born in Langworthy, Lancashire, England. He appeared in the films Shallow Grave, Jude, Elizabeth, A Price Above Rubies, and Lennon Naked.

1966–France conducts an underground nuclear test at Ecker, Algeria.

1967–Cowboy actor, Smiley Burnette, dies of leukemia in Encino, California, at age 55. He co-starred in the TV shows Green Acres and Petticoat Junction.

1968–The first 911 emergency telephone system goes into service in Haleyville, Alabama.

1968–Elvis Presley receives a gold record for his album of hymns, How Great Thou Art. Despite his popularity in the pop music world, Elvis would win only three Grammy Awards: one for this album, the Lifetime Achievement Award in 1970, and one for He Touched Me in 1972. He did, however, receive over a dozen Grammy nominations.

1969–Country singer, Tammy Wynette, marries musician, George Jones.

1971–Alan David Pasaro, the Hell's Angel who was tried and later acquitted for the stabbing death of Meredith Hunter at a Rolling Stones concert at the Altamont Speedway in 1969, sues the rock group, charging an invasion of privacy because the Maysles brothers' film of the event, Gimme Shelter, showed the stabbing.

1972–Singer, Rick Nelson, begins his first British tour.

1972–On day three of John Lennon and Yoko Ono’s guest-hosting of the The Mike Douglas Show, John performs with Chuck Berry, who he introduces as "my hero."

1972–Actress, Sarah Clarke, is born in St. Louis, Missouri. She is best known for the role of Nina Myers on the TV series 24. She is married to actor, Xander Berkeley.

1977–The USSR conducts a nuclear test at Sary Shagan.

1978–The first computer bulletin board system is created. It is CBBS in Chicago, Illinois.

1979–The USSR conducts a nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh.

1982–Actor, Lee Majors, and actress, Farrah Fawcett Majors, are divorced.

1983–The Ash Wednesday bushfires in Victoria and South Australia kill 75 people.

1985–Hezbollah is founded.

1986–The Soviet liner MS Mikhail Lermontov runs aground in Marlborough Sounds, New Zealand.

1987–The trial of John Demjanjuk, accused of being a Nazi guard dubbed "Ivan the Terrible" in Treblinka extermination camp, starts in Jerusalem.

1989–Actress, Jane Fonda, and activist-politician, Tom Hayden, separate after 16 years of marriage.

1990–Musician, Ike Turner, is sentenced to four years in prison on 11 separate charges, including possession and transport of cocaine. He is released after serving 18 months.

1990–Musician, The Weeknd, is born Abel Makkonen Tesfaye in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

1991–Princess Alexandra of Luxembourg is born Alexandra Joséphine Teresa Charlotte Marie Wilhelmine in Luxembourg, Grand Duchy of Luxembourg.

1991–Contras leader, Enrique Bermúdez, is assassinated in Managua, Nigaragua.

1992–The former silver Goodyear blimp is now painted yellow and blue.

1996–Politician, Edmund G. "Pat" Brown, dies in Beverly Hills, California, at age 90. He was the 32nd Governor of California (1959-1967) and the father of the 34th and 39th Governor of California, Jerry Brown.

1996–Brownie McGhee, one of the most important figures in the folk and blues revival, dies of stomach cancer in Oakland, California, at age 80. He was best known for his popular acoustic blues act of the 1950s and 1960s with harmonicist, Sonny Terry.

1998–China Airlines Flight 676 crashes into a road and residential area near Chiang Kai-shek International Airport in Taiwan, killing all 196 aboard and seven people on the ground.

1999–In Uzbekistan, a bomb explodes and gunfire is heard at the government headquarters in an apparent assassination attempt against President Islom Karimov.

1999–Across Europe, Kurdish rebels take over embassies and hold hostages after Turkey arrests one of their rebel leaders, Abdullah Ocalan.

2001–Film director, Howard W. Koch, dies from Alzheimer's disease in Los Angeles, California, at age 84. His films include The Manchurian Candidate, Come Blow Your Horn, Robin and the 7 Hoods, The Odd Couple, On a Clear Day You Can See Forever, Plaza Suite, and Ghost.

2001–Sexologist, William Masters, dies of complications from Parkinson's disease in Tucson, Arizona, at age 85. He was a gynecologist, best known as the senior member of the Masters and Johnson sexuality research team. Along with Virginia E. Johnson, he pioneered research into the nature of human sexual response.

2004–Singer, Doris Troy, dies of emphysema at her home in Las Vegas, Nevada, at age 67. She had a big hit with Just One Look in 1963.

2005–The Kyoto Protocol comes into force, following its ratification by Russia. The Kyoto Protocol implements the objective of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) to fight global warming by reducing greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere to "a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system."

2005–The National Hockey League cancels the entire 2004-2005 regular season and playoffs.

2006–The last Mobile Army Surgical Hospital (MASH) is decommissioned by the United States Army.

2011–The bookstore chain, Borders, files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection.

2013–A bomb blast at a market in Hazara Town in Quetta, Pakistan, kills more than 80 people and injures 190 others.

2013–English rocker, Tony Sheridan, dies after undergoing heart surgery in Hamburg, Germany, at age 72. The Beatles recorded with him in Hamburg, Germany, under the direction of Bert Kaempfert, before they became the most famous rock and roll band in history. The sessions produced Sheridan's My Bonnie and The Saints, and The Beatles' Ain't She Sweet and Cry for a Shadow, plus three other songs.

2015–Pop singer, Lesley Gore, dies of lung cancer in New York, New York, at age 68. Her hits include It’s My Party, Judy’s Turn to Cry, She’s a Fool, You Don’t Own Me, and Maybe I Know.

2015–A CSX train crashes in Mount Carbon, West Virginia, resulting in large fires in the area.

2016–After more that 200 years, Mozart's and Salieri's lost cantata, Per la Ricuperata Salute di Ofelia, is discovered in Prague, Czech Republic.

2016–Boutros Boutros-Ghali, politician and diplomat, dies in Cairo, Egypt, at age 93. He was the sixth Secretary-General of the United Nations.

2017–A fisher (type of weasel), very rare for the area, is spotted in Iowa for the first time in 150 years.

2017–According to Myanmar's military, it has ended its "clearance operation" against the country's Rohingya minority in Rakhine State, which the United Nations says may amount to ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity.

2017–United Nations officials announce the creation of a new team in Geneva, Switzerland, to investigate possible war crimes, crimes against humanity, and genocide during the Syrian Civil War in order to prepare for future prosecutions of those responsible.

2017–Hasbro announces that it is removing the thimble token from its iconic board game, Monopoly. A hashtag or emoji could replace that game piece in the next version of the game.

2017–Walter Morrison, of Ohio Players and Parliament-Funkadelic, dies at age 62.


PHOTOS TOP TO BOTTOM: Philipp Melanchthon; Giambattista Bodoni; a U.S. silver dollar; Hugh Beaumont; Vera-Ellen; Eddie Foy; Sonny Bono with Cher; William Katt; Ice-T; The Beatles on The Ed Sullivan Show from Miami, Florida; John Lennon and Chuck Berry on The Mike Douglas Show; the redesigned Goodyear blimp; Brownie McGhee; and Tony Sheridan.

< Back 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 Next >