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1942–The Battle of Los Angeles, also known as The Great Los Angeles Air Raid, takes place as a rumored enemy attack and subsequent anti-aircraft artillery barrage over Los Angeles, California. It lasts throughout the night and into the next day. Several buildings and vehicles are damaged by shell fragments, and five civilians die as an indirect result of the anti-aircraft fire, three of them killed in car accidents in the ensuing chaos and two of heart attacks attributed to the stress of the hour-long action. The incident occurred less than three months after the United States entered World War II as a result of the Japanese Imperial Navy's attack on Pearl Harbor. Some modern-day UFOlogists have suggested the targets were extraterrestrial spacecraft.



303–The first official Roman edict is issued by Galerius for the persecution of Christians in his part of the Roman Empire.

484–King Huneric removes the Christian bishops from their offices and banishes some to Corsica. A few are martyred, along with Frumentius and other merchants. They are killed at Hadrumetum after refusing to become Arians.

1103–Emperor Toba of Japan is born.

1303–The Battle of Roslin takes place during the First War of Scottish Independence.

1386–Charles III of Naples is assassinated at Buda, Kingdom of Hungary, at age 41.

1500–Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, is born in Ghent, Flanders.

1525–A Spanish-Austrian army defeats a French army at the Battle of Pavia.

1538–The Treaty of Nagyvárad is established between Ferdinand I and John Zápolya.

1547–John of Austria is born Ritter Johann von Österreich in Regensburg, Upper Palatinate, Germany.

1557–Matthias, Holy Roman Emperor, is born in Vienna, Austria.

1563–Francis, Duke of Guise, dies when wounded in battle near Orléans, France, at age 44.

1582–Pope Gregory XIII announces the Gregorian calendar.

1588–Physician and occultist, Johann Weyer, dies in Tecklenburg, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, at age 73. He was among the first to publish matertial against the persecution of witches. His most influential work is De Praestigiis Daemonum et Incantationibus ac Venificiis (On the Illusions of the Demons and on Spells and Poisons) published in 1563.

1607–L'Orfeo, by Claudio Monteverdi, one of the first works recognized as an opera, has its premiere performance.

1711–Rinaldo, by George Frideric Handel, premieres in London, England. It is the first Italian opera written for the London stage.

1739–The army of Iranian ruler, Nader Shah, defeats the forces of Mughal Emperor, Muhammad Shah, of India.

1767–Thai King, Buddha Loetla Nabhalai, is born in Amphawa, Samut Songkhram, Ayutthaya Kingdom.

1777–Joseph I of Portugal dies at Sintra Palace, Sintra, Portugal, at age 62.

1786–Wilhelm Karl Grimm, is born in Hanau, Germany. He wrote Grimm's Fairy Tales.

1803–In Marbury v. Madison, the U.S. Supreme Court establishes the principle of judicial review.

1809–The Drury Lane Theatre burns to the ground in London, England, leaving its owner, Richard Brinsley Sheridan, destitute.

1815–Engineer, Robert Fulton, dies of tuberculosis in New York, New York, at age 49. He invented the steamboat. In 1800, he was commissioned by Napoleon Bonaparte to design the “Nautilus,” which was the first practical submarine. He is also credited with inventing some of the world's earliest naval torpedoes for use by the British Royal Navy.

1821–The Final stage of the Mexican War of Independence from Spain plays itself out with Plan of Iguala.

1822–The first Swaminarayan temple in the world, Shri Swaminarayan Mandir, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India, is inaugurated.

1826–The signing of the Treaty of Yandabo marks the end of the First Anglo-Burmese War.

1831–The Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek, the first removal treaty in accordance with the Indian Removal Act, is proclaimed. The Choctaws in Mississippi give up land east of the river in exchange for payment and land in the West.

1836–Three thousand Mexicans attack 182 Texans at the Alamo. The battle lasts 13 days.

1836–Landscape painter and printmaker, Winslow Homer, is born in Boston, Massachusetts. He began his career as an illustrator. Teaching himself technique in both oil and watercolor, he would ultimately become known as one of the preeminent landscape painters of the 19th century, influencing N.C., Andrew, and Jamie Wyeth. He is best known for the paintings he made of marine subjects while on working vacations in Maine.

1848–King Louis-Philippe of France abdicates the throne.

1852–Irish novelist and a member of the Celtic Renaissance, George Moore, is born in Ballyglass, County Mayo.

1854–A Penny Red with perforations is the first such postage stamp to be officially issued for distribution.

1855–The U.S. Court of Claims is established for cases brought against the government.

1863–Arizona is estabished as a United States territory.

1868–Andrew Johnson becomes the first President of the United States to be impeached by the U.S. House of Representatives. He is later acquitted in the Senate.

1868–The first parade to feature floats takes place at Mardi Gras in New Orleans, Louisiana.

1875–The SS Gothenburg hits the Great Barrier Reef and sinks off the east coast of Australia, killing approximately 100 people, including a number of high profile civil servants and dignitaries.

1881–China and Russia sign the Sino-Russian Ili Treaty.

1890–Actress, Marjorie Main, is born Mary Tomlinson in Acton, Indiana. She is best known for the role of Ma Kettle in a series of 10 “Ma and Pa Kettle” movies. She also appeared in the films Stella Dallas, The Angels Wash Their Faces, The Women, Susan and God, A Woman’s Face, Heaven Can Wait, Meet Me in St. Louis, The Harvey Girls, Summer Stock, The Long, Long Trailer, and Friendly Persuasion.

1895–Revolution breaks out in Baire, a town near Santiago de Cuba, beginning the Cuban War of Independence that will end with the Spanish-American War in 1898.

1896–Italian-American restaurateur, chef, and hotelier, Cesare Cardini, is born. Cardini owned restaurants in Sacramento, San Diego, and Los Angeles, California. He is best known as the creator of the “Caesar salad,” which became very popular among Hollywood celebrities. After 1935, Cardini focused on marketing his line of salad dressings.

1896–Film director, Richard Thorpe, is born Rollo Smolt Thorpe in Hutchinson, Kansas. Thorpe is known as the original director of The Wizard of Oz. He was fired after two weeks of shooting, because it was felt that his scenes did not have the right air of fantasy about them. His films include Night Must Fall, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, 20 Muel Team, A Date with Judy, Three Little Words, Carbine Williams, The Prisoner of Zenda, Ten Thousand Bedrooms, Jailhouse Rock, Follow the Boys, The Truth About Spring, and That Funny Feeling.

1909–The Hudson Motor Car Company is founded.

1916–The Governor-General of Korea establishes the Jahyewon clinic in Sorokdo, to segregate Hansen's disease patients.

1917–Revolution breaks out in Russia.

1917–The U.S. Ambassador to the United Kingdom, Walter Hines Page, is given the Zimmermann Telegram, in which Germany pledges to ensure the return of New Mexico, Texas, and Arizona to Mexico if Mexico declares war on the United States.

1920–Lady Astor, first woman member of the British Parliament, makes her maiden speech.

1920–The Nazi Party is founded.

1921–Actor, Abe Vigoda, is born Abraham Charles Vigoda in Brooklyn, New York. He is best known for the role of Detective Sgt. Phil Fish on the TV series Barney Miller. He appeared in the films The Godfather, The Don Is Ded, Newman’s Law, The Cheap Detective, Cannonball Run II, Look Who’s Talking, and Joe Versus the Volcano.

1922–Actor, Steven Hill, is born Solomon Krakovsky in Seattle, Washington. His two best-known TV roles are District Attorney Adam Schiff on Law & Order, and Dan Briggs on Mission: Impossible. He appeared in the films The Goddess, A Child Is Waiting, The Slender Thread, It’s My Turn, Eyewitness, Rich and Famous, Yentl, Teachers, Garbo Talks, Legal Eagles, Heartburn, Brighton Beach Memoirs, Running on Empty, White Palace, and The Firm.

1923–Businessman, Samuel Lewis Glazer, is born in Cleveland, Ohio. He co-founded Mr. Coffee, which made one of the first automatic drip coffee makers on the American consumer market. By 1975, just three years after its introduction, Mr. Coffee was the top selling coffee maker in the United States.

1924–Mahatma Gandhi is released from jail.

1932–Composer, Michel (Jean) Legrand, is born in Bécon les Bruyères, near Paris, France. He is a virtuoso jazz and classical pianist and an accomplished arranger and conductor who performs with orchestras all over the world. Legrand has composed over 200 film and television scores, several musicals, and has recorded over 100 albums. He has won three Oscars (out of 13 nominations) and five Grammys. A number of his songs, including What Are You Doing the Rest of Your Life?, Watch What Happens, and The Summer Knows, have become jazz standards covered frequently by other artists. His films include Sweet November, The Thomas Crown Affair, The Happy Ending, Picasso Summer, Summer of ‘42, Le Mans, Lady Sings the Blues, Breezy, The Man who Loved Cat Dancing, Gable and Lombard, Atlantic City, Best Friends, and Yentl.

1936–Vermont and New Hampshire experience brown snow due to dust from storms in the Great Plains Region. A muddy rain fell across parts of northern New York State.

1938–Du Pont begins commercial production of nylon toothbrush bristles.

1938–Actor, James Farentino, is born in Brooklyn, New York. He was seen regularly on television in shows such as The Bold Ones: The Lawyers, Police Story, Dynasty, and Melrose Place. He appeared in the films Ensign Pulver, The War Lord, Banning, Me, Natalie, Story of a Woman, and Her Alibi. He was married to actresses Elizabeth Ashley, Michele Lee, and Debrah Farentino.

1940–Actor, Peter Duel, is born Peter Ellstrom Deuel in Rochester, New York. He is best known for the role of outlaw Hannibal Heyes (alias Joshua Smith) in the TV series Alias Smith and Jones. He also co-starred in the TV shows Gidget and Love on a Rooftop. He appeared in dozens of other TV shows, including The Fugitive, Ironside, The Virginian, and Marcus Welby, M.D.

1941–Pop singer, Joanie Sommers, is born Joan Drost in Buffalo, New York. Her biggest hit was Johnny Get Angry in 1962.

1942–The Battle of Los Angeles, also known as The Great Los Angeles Air Raid, takes place as a rumored enemy attack and subsequent anti-aircraft artillery barrage over Los Angeles, California. It lasts throughout the night and into the next day. Several buildings and vehicles are damaged by shell fragments, and five civilians die as an indirect result of the anti-aircraft fire, three of them killed in car accidents in the ensuing chaos and two of heart attacks attributed to the stress of the hour-long action. The incident occurred less than three months after the United States entered World War II as a result of the Japanese Imperial Navy's attack on Pearl Harbor. Some modern-day UFOlogists have suggested the targets were extraterrestrial spacecraft.

1942–An order-in-council, passed under the Defence of Canada Regulations of the War Measures Act, gives the Canadian federal government the power to intern all "persons of Japanese racial origin."

1942–Paul Jones, of Manfred Mann, is born Paul Pond in Portsmouth, Hampshire, England. The group is best remembered for their #1 hit, Do Wah Diddy in 1964. He appeared in the films Privilege, The Committee, and Demons of the Mind.

1943–Although February 25th is the date traditionally observed as Beatle George Harrison's birthday, he told Billboard magazine in December 1992, that his birthday is actually February 24th, something of which he had only recently become aware. Apparently, George was born shortly before midnight, but his birth certificate incorrectly states that he was born after midnight, on February 25th.

1944–Merrill's Marauders begin their 1,000-mile journey through Japanese occupied Burma.

1944–Actor, Barry (Knapp) Bostwick, is born in San Mateo, California. In 1975, he starred with Tim Curry and Susan Sarandon in The Rocky Horror Picture Show. He appeared in the films Weekend at Bernie’s II, Movie Movie, Megaforce, Fantastic Planet, Jennifer on My Mind, and Hannah Montana: The Movie.

1944–Session pianist, Nicky Hopkins, is born Nicholas Christian Hopkins in Perivale, Middlesex, England. In May 1963, Hopkins had a series of operations that almost cost him his life; subsequently, he was bedridden for 19 months during his late teenage years. His frail health led him to concentrate on working as a session musician instead of joining bands, and he left his mark performing on a wide variety of projects, including Quicksilver Messenger Service, The Beatles' “White Album,” Jefferson Airplane's Volunteers, and more than a dozen Rolling Stones albums, including Beggars Banquet and Let It Bleed. He played on the songs Sunny Afternoon (The Kinks), Revolution (The Beatles), Jealous Guy and How Do You Sleep? (John Lennon), Photograph (Ringo Starr), Give Me Love (George Harrison), and You Are So Beautiful (Joe Cocker), among many others.

1945–Egyptian Premier, Ahmad Mahir Pasha, is killed in Parliament after reading a decree.

1946–Juan Peron is elected President of Argentina.

1947–Actor, Edward James Olmos, is born in Los Angeles, California. He appeared in the films Aloha Bobby and Rose, Zoot Suit, Blade Runner, Saving Grace, Stand and Deliver, American Me, A Million to Juan, Selena, and Beverly Hills Chihuahua. He was married to actress, Lorraine Bracco.

1950–Rocker, George Thorogood, is born in Wilmington, Delaware. He is best known for his hit song Bad to the Bone.

1951–Actress, Helen Shaver, is born in St. Thomas, Ontario, Canada. She has appeared in the films Starship Invasion, The Amityville Horror, The Osterman Weekend, Desert Hearts, The Color of Money, and The Believers.

1955–The 12th Annual Golden Globe Awards announces its winners. Best Picture: On The Waterfront; Best Actor: Marlon Brando for On The Waterfront; Best Actress: Grace Kelly for The Country Girl; Best Director: Elia Kazan for On The Waterfront; Best Musical: Carmen Jones; Best Foreign Film: Genevieve (United Kingdom).

1955–Steve Jobs, co-founder of Apple Computer, is born Steven Paul Jobs in San Francisco, California. As the new CEO of the company, Jobs oversaw the development of the iMac, iTunes, iPod, iPhone, and iPad, and on the services side, the company's Apple Retail Stores, iTunes Store, and the App Store. The success of these products and services provided several years of stable financial returns, and propelled Apple to become the world's most valuable publicly traded company in 2011. The reinvigoration of the company is regarded by many as one of the greatest turnarounds in business history, as Jobs brought Apple back from near bankruptcy. Although he earned only $1 a year as CEO of Apple, he held 5.426 million Apple shares worth $2.1 billion.

1956–Police in Cleveland, Ohio, invoke a 1931 ordinance barring people under the age of 18 from dancing in public unless accompanied by an adult.

1956–News anchor, Paula (Ann) Zahn, is born in Napperville, Illinois. She has been a newscaster at ABC News, CBS News, Fox News, and CNN.

1957–Buddy Holly records a new version of That'll Be The Day, the title being taken from a phrase used by John Wayne in the film The Searchers.

1962–The U.S. conducts a nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.

1962–Singer, Michelle Shocked, is born Karen Michelle Johnston in Dallas, Texas.

1964–The Beatles appear on the cover of Newsweek magazine.

1964–Boxer, Cassius Clay, a 7-to-1 underdog, beats champion Sonny Liston, winning the World Heavyweight Boxing Championship.

1966–The U.S. conducts a nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.

1966–Actor, Billy Zane, is born William George Zane, Jr. in Chicago, Illinois. He has appeared in the films Back to the Future, Critters, Dead Calm, Memphis Belle, Posse, Poetic Justice, Tombstone, Titantic, and Zoolander.

1968–In the Vietnam War, the Tet Offensive is halted and South Vietnam recaptures Hué.

1968–Musician, Memphis Slim, dies of renal failure in Paris, France, at age 72. He was a blues pianist, singer, and composer. He made over 500 recordings. A song he first cut in 1947, Every Day I Have the Blues, has become a blues standard, recorded by many other artists.

1969–The 26th Annual Golden Globe Awards announces its winners. Best Picture: The Lion in Winter; Best Actor: Peter O'Toole for The Lion in Winter; Best Actress: Joanne Woodward for Rachel, Rachel; Best Director: Paul Newman for Rachel, Rachel; Best Musical: Oliver!; Best Foreign Film: Romeo and Juliet (Italy-United Kingdom) and War and Peace (USSR).

1970–National Public Radio is founded in the U.S.

1971–The All India Forward Bloc holds an emergency central committee meeting after its chairman, Hemantha Kumar Bose, is killed three days earlier. P.K. Mookiah Thevar is appointed as the new chairman.

1976–The constitution of Cuba is formally proclaimed.

1977–Boxer, Floyd Mayweather, is born in Grand Rapids, Michigan. He is undefeated as a professional boxer and is a five-division world champion, having won 10 world titles and the lineal championship in four different weight classes.

1981–A 6.7 earthquake hits Athens, Greece, killing 16 people and destroying buildings in several towns west of the city.

1981–Buckingham Palace announces the engagement of Prince Charles to Lady Diana Spencer.

1982–The 24th Annual Grammy Awards announces its winners. Record of the Year: Kim Carnes for Bette Davis Eyes; Album of the Year: John Lennon and Yoko Ono for Double Fantasy; Song of the Year: Donna Weiss and Jackie DeShannon (songwriters) for Bette Davis Eyes; Best Vocal Performance, Male: Al Jarreau for Breakin' Away; Best Vocal Performance, Female: Lena Horne for Lena Horne–The Lady and Her Music; Best Performance by a Vocal Group: The Manhattan Transfer for The Boy from New York City; Best Country & Western Performance: Dolly Parton for 9 to 5; Best Rhythm & Blues Performance: Aretha Franklin for Hold On I'm Comin'; Best Rock Performance: Rick Springfield for Jessie's Girl; Best Instrumental Performance: Larry Carlton and Mike Post for The Theme from Hill Street Blues; Best New Artist: Sheena Easton. The ceremonies are held at the Shrine Auditorium, Los Angeles, California. There is no host.

1983–A special commission of the U.S. Congress condemns the Japanese American internment that took place during World War II.

1983–The USSR conducts an underground nuclear test.

1984–Tyrone Mitchell commits the 49th Street Elementary School shooting in Los Angeles, California, killing two children and injuring 12.

1987–Radio and TV personality, Larry King, suffers a heart attack.

1987–The 29th Annual Grammy Awards announces its winners. Record of the Year: Steve Winwood for Higher Love; Album of the Year: Paul Simon for Graceland; Song of the Year: Burt Bacharach and Carole Bayer Sager (songwriters) for That's What Friends Are For; Best Vocal Performance, Male: Steve Winwood for Higher Love; Best Vocal Performance, Female: Barbra Streisand for The Broadway Album; Best Performance by a Vocal Group: USA for Africa for We Are the World; Best Country & Western Performance: Reba McEntire for Whoever's in New England; Best Rhythm & Blues Performance: James Brown for Living in America; Best Rock Performance: Robert Palmer for Addicted to Love; Best Instrumental Performance: Harold Faltermeyer and Steve Stevens for Top Gun Anthem; Best New Artist: Bruce Hornsby & the Range. The ceremonies are held at the Shrine Auditorium, Los Angeles, California. The host is Billy Crystal. B.B. King receives a Lifetime Achievement Grammy.

1988–Campaigning as a member of the "Wild Party," rocker, Alice Cooper, announces he's going to run for governor of Arizona.

1989–Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini offers a $3 million bounty for the death of The Satanic Verses author, Salman Rushdie.

1989–The U.S. conducts a nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.

1989–After a stopover at Honolulu International Airport, in Hawaii, United Airlines Flight 811 has a cargo door blow off in flight. The resulting explosive decompression sucks several rows of seats out of the plane and nine passengers in the business-class section are killed.

1990–Publisher, Malcolm Forbes, dies of a heart attack in Far Hills, New Jersey, at age 70.

1990–Singer, Johnnie Ray, dies of liver failure in Los Angeles, California, at age 63. In 1952, he dominated the charts with the double-sided hit single of Cry and The Little White Cloud That Cried.

1991–John Daly, host of the TV game show, What's My Line?, dies of cardiac arrest in Chevy Chase, Maryland, at age 77. The show lasted 17 years, with Daly hosting all but four episodes of the weekly series.

1991–Comedian, George Gobel, dies of a heart attack in Los Angeles, California, at age 71. He is best known as the star of his own weekly NBC television show, The George Gobel Show, which ran from 1954 to 1960.

1991–Country singer, Webb Pierce, dies of cancer in Nashville, Tennessee, at age 69. He was one of the most popular American honky tonk vocalists of the 1950s, charting more #1 hits than any other country artist during the decade. His biggest hit was In the Jailhouse Now.

1993–The 35th Annual Grammy Awards announces its winners. Record of the Year: Eric Clapton for Tears in Heaven; Album of the Year: Eric Clapton for Unplugged; Song of the Year: Eric Clapton and Will Jennings (songwriters) for Tears in Heaven; Best Vocal Performance, Male: Eric Clapton for Tears in Heaven; Best Vocal Performance, Female: k.d. lang for Constant Craving; Best Performance by a Vocal Group: Celine Dion and Peabo Bryson for Beauty and the Beast; Best Country & Western Performance: Vince Gill for I Still Believe in You; Best Rhythm & Blues Performance: Al Jarreau for Heaven and Earth; Best Rock Performance: Eric Clapton for Unplugged; Best Instrumental Performance: Richard J. Kaufman (conductor) for Beauty and the Beast; Best Rap Performance: Sir Mix-a-Lot for Baby Got Back; Best New Artist: Arrested Development. The ceremonies are held at the Shrine Auditorium, Los Angeles, California. The host is Garry Shandling. Simon & Garfunkel are honored with a Lifetime Achievement Award, and they perform together for the first time since their 1983 concert in Central Park.

1994–Singer, Dinah Shore, dies of cancer in Beverly Hills, California, at age 77. She was an actress, television personality, and the top-charting female vocalist of the 1940s. TV Guide ranked her at #16 on their list of the “Top 50" television stars of all time.

1996–Two civilian airplanes, operated by the Miami-based group Brothers to the Rescue, are shot down in international waters by the Cuban Air Force.

1998–Queen Elizabeth II knights singer, Elton John, during a ceremony at Buckingham Palace, in London, England.

1998–Comedian, Henny Youngman, dies of pneumonia in Manhattan, New York, at age 91. He was the master of the “one-liner,” his best known one being, "Take my wife... please."

1999–The 41st Annual Grammy Awards announces its winners. Record of the Year: Celine Dion for My Heart Will Go On; Album of the Year: Lauryn Hill for The Miseducation of Lauryn Hill; Song of the Year: James Horner and Will Jennings (songwriters) for My Heart Will Go On; Best Vocal Performance, Male: Eric Clapton for My Father’s Eyes; Best Vocal Performance, Female: Celine Dion for My Heart Will Go On; Best Performance by a Vocal Group: The Brian Setzer Orchestra for Jump Jive an’ Wail; Best Country & Western Performance: Shania Twain for You're Still the One; Best Rhythm & Blues Performance: Lauryn Hill for Doo Wop (That Thing); Best Rock Performance: Lenny Kravitz for Fly Away; Best Instrumental Performance: The Brian Setzer Orchestra for Sleepwalk; Best Rap Performance: Will Smith for Gettin' Jiggy Wit It; Best New Artist: Lauryn Hill. The ceremonies are held at the Shrine Auditorium, Los Angeles, California. The host is Rosie O'Donnell.

2000–Blues musician, Georgie Fame, is arrested for driving while intoxicated on his way home from a concert in Wales. He's fined £350 and his driver's license is suspended for a year.

2002–The XIX Winter Olympic Games close in Salt Lake City, Utah.

2002–Bandleader, Arthur Lyman, dies of esophageal cancer in Honolulu, Hawaii, at age 70. He was an American jazz vibraphone and marimba player. His group popularized a style of faux-Polynesian music during the 1950s and 1960s, which later became known as exotica.

2003–Chef, Bernard Loiseau, dies of suicide by shotgun wound in Saulieu, France, at age 52. Loiseau had made a life's ambition of becoming a 3-star chef, a goal which had required 17 years of hard work at La Côte d'Or to achieve. After his death, 3-star chef, Jacques Lameloise, said Loiseau had once confided, "If I lose a star, I'll kill myself."

2004–EMI refuses to let DJ Danger Mouse release his Grey Album, a mash-up of Jay-Z's Black Album with samples from The Beatles' “White Album.” DJ makes the album available as a free download on his website for one day.

2004–Heavy snows blanket wide areas of northern New Mexico, closing schools and highways. The mountains east of Santa Fe receive 20 inches.

2004–A 6.3 earthquake strikes northern Morocco, killing at least 628 people and injuring 926 others. Up to 15,000 people are displaced.

2004–Character actor, John Randolph, dies in Hollywood, California, at age 88. Randolph was cast in dozens of TV shows from the 1950s to the 1990s. He appeared in the films Seconds, Pretty Poison, Gaily, Gaily, There Was a Crooked Man..., Escape from the Planet of the Apes, Serpico, King Kong, Heaven Can Wait, Frances, Prizzi’s Honor, and You’ve Got Mail.

2006–Philippine President, Gloria Macapagal Arroyo, declares Proclamation 1017, placing the country in a state of emergency in attempt to subdue a possible military coup.

2006–Actor, Don Knotts, dies of lung cancer in Los Angeles, California, at age 81. He is best known for the role of Barney Fife on the TV sitcom The Andy Griffith Show, which earned him five Emmy Awards.

2006–Actor, Dennis Weaver, dies of cancer at his Earthship home in Ridgway, Colorado, at age 81. He is best known for the character of Chester on the TV Western Gunsmoke. He appeared in the films The Lawless Breed, The Bridges at Toko-Ri, Ten Wanted Men, Touch of Evil, Duel at Diablo, Way... Way Out, Gentle Giant, A Man Called Sledge, What’s the Matter with Helen?, Duel, Terror on the Beach, Cry for Justice, and Escape from Wildcat Canyon.

2007–Japan launches its fourth spy satellite, stepping up its ability to monitor potential threats, such as North Korea.

2008–Fidel Castro retires as the President of Cuba and the Council of Ministers after 32 years. He remains the head of the Communist Party for another three years.

2008–The 80th Annual Academy Awards announces its winners. Best Picture: No Country for Old Men; Best Actor: Daniel Day-Lewis for There Will Be Blood; Best Actress: Marion Cotillard for La Vie en rose; Best Director: Joel Coen and Ethan Coen for No Country for Old Men; Best Foreign Film: The Counterfeiters (Austria). The ceremonies are held at the Kodak Theatre, Hollywood, California. The host is Jon Stewart.

2013–Raul Castro is elected to a second term as the President of Cuba.

2013–The 85th Annual Academy Awards announces its winners. Best Picture: Argo; Best Actor: Daniel Day-Lewis for Lincoln; Best Actress: Jennifer Lawrence for Silver Linings Playbook; Best Director: Ang Lee for Life of Pi; Best Foreign Film: Amour (Austria). The ceremonies are held at the Dolby Theatre, Hollywood, California. The host is Seth MacFarlane. The ceremony is the first in the Academy's 85-year history to adopt the phrase "The Oscars" as the official name during the broadcast and marketing.

2014–Director-actor, Harold Ramis, dies from complications related to autoimmune inflammatory vasculitis in Chicago, Illinois, at age 69. He appeared in the films National Lampoon’s Animal House, Meatballs, Caddyshack, Stripes, National Lampoon’s Vacation, Ghostbusters, Back to School, Baby Boom, Groundhog Day, Airheads, Love Affair, and As Good as It Gets.

2015–A Metrolink train derails in Oxnard, California, following a collision with a truck, injuring more than 30 people.

2016–Tara Air Flight 193 crashes in western Nepal, killing all 23 people on board.

2016–Lennie Baker, of Sha Na Na, dies while hospitalized with an infection in Weymouth, Massachusetts, at age 69.

2017–The Conservative Political Action Conference (CPAC) continues with its third day in National Harbor, Maryland. Speakers include President Donald Trump; British politician, Nigel Farage; 2016 GOP presidential candidate, Carly Fiorina; former UN Ambassador, John Bolton; Governor Paul LePage; National Rifle Association (NRA) head, Wayne LaPierre; and conservative commentator, Michael Reagan (son of former President Ronald Reagan.

2017–Due to an ongoing battle with biased news reporting, the Trump White House bars The New York Times, CNN, The Los Angeles Times, The New York Daily News, The Hill, The Daily Mail, BBC, Politico, and BuzzFeed from a Friday press "gaggle." Generally conservative and mostly new outlets were permitted entry, such as Breitbart News, One America News Network, and The Washington Times. Also allowed in were ABC News, CBS News, NBC News, The Wall Street Journal, Bloomberg News, and Fox News. Time magazine and the Associated Press could have attended but chose not to in protest. The White House Correspondents’ Association, which represents the press corps, quickly rebuked the White House’s actions.

2017–Retail chain JC Penney announces plans to close between 130 and 140 stores, as well as two distribution centers, due to sagging store sales.

2017–Protesters in South Africa rally against immigration.

2017–Republican legislators in at least 18 states have proposed or voted for new laws to criminalize aspects of protests since President Donald Trump's election, in an attempt to maintain law and order. Some of the bills would increase penalties for blocking highways, ban masks from use during a protest, and even allow seizure of property from people involved in violent protests. These new laws will take effect immediately because they were passed under emergency provisions.


PHOTOS TOP TO BOTTOM: Galerius; cover of The Complete Grimm's Fairy Tales; the temple Shri Swaminarayan Mandir in India; Mardi Gras circa 1868; “Caesar salad”; Michel Legrand; Peter Duel; Privilege poster; Nicky Hopkins; the garage where Steve Jobs co-founded Apple Computer; Nevada Test Site; Prince Charles announces his engagement to Diana Spencer; Paul Simon's Graceland album; Malcolm Forbes; Webb Pierce; Elton John; Arthur Lyman; Don Knotts; and Harold Ramis.

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